Tuesday, 29 October 2013

Speakout Advanced p 29.Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 6A
KEY
The speaker presents the ‘nurture’ side of the argument, suggesting that people do not inherit their abilities but that they develop them through experience. She uses the example that a child born with a natural ability for music will not develop into a good pianist unless he or she practises the piano.

Ex 6B
KEY
I’d like to begin by stating that,
As I see it …,
I think it’s ridiculous to suggest …,
I absolutely reject the idea that …,
So, to conclude I would have to argue that,
Does anyone have a question …? / Are there any other questions?,
That’s a good question, because …

Ex 6C
KEY
Introduce the argument:
I’d like to begin by stating that



Justify their opinion:
As I see it … /What I think is…
I would say it depends on…,
What you need to consider is …,
I think it’s ridiculous to suggest …,
I absolutely reject the idea that …



Conclude:
So, to conclude I would have to argue that …



Invite questions:
Does anyone have a question …? / Are there any other questions?


Respond to questions:
That’s a good question, because …

Transcript
Vocabulary
the chances are (that) it is likely that. E.g. The chances are you won't have to pay.

instil something (in/into somebody): to gradually make somebody feel, think or behave in a particular way over a period of time. E.g. to instil confidence/discipline/fear into somebody.

pass something on (to somebody): to give something to somebody else, especially after receiving it or using it yourself. E.g. Pass the book on to me when you've finished with it. I passed your message on to my mother. Much of the discount is pocketed by retailers instead of being passed on to customers.

engage in something/ engage somebody in something (formal) to take part in something; to make somebody take part in something. E.g. Even in prison, he continued to engage in criminal activities. She tried desperately to engage him in conversation.

endow somebody/something with something: to give something to somebody/something. E.g. to endow somebody with a responsibility

inborn: an inborn quality is one that you are born with. Innate. E.g. Some people have an inborn tendency to put on weight.

come of/from something: to be the result of something. E.g. I made a few enquiries, but nothing came of it in the end. Come of/from doing something That comes of eating too much!

the floor [singular] the part of a building where discussions or debates are held, especially in a parliament; the people who attend a discussion or debate. E.g. Opposition politicians registered their protest on the floor of the House. We will now take any questions from the floor.

Ex 7A
E.g.
For: they would learn basic skills such as reading and writing more quickly 

Against: Children need time to develop through play before they start school.

Ex 8A

KEY
The writer suggests that teaching a young child to play a musical instrument will offer them huge benefits in their later life, perhaps helping them to develop other skills, such as reasoning and problem-solving, but certainly enabling them to broaden their understanding and appreciation of the world.
 
Vocabulary

unsubstantiated: /ˌʌnsəbˈstænʃieɪtɪd/ not proved to be true by evidence. Unsupported. E.g. an unsubstantiated claim/rumour, etc.

soothe somebody : /suːð/ to make somebody who is anxious, upset, etc. feel calmer. E.g. The music soothed her for a while.

have a feel for something: to have an understanding of something or be naturally good at doing it. E.g. She has a real feel for languages.

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