Saturday, 12 October 2013

Speakout Advanced p 12. Key and Vocabulary

Ex 4B
Thoughtful: /ˈθɔːtfl/ showing that you think about and care for other people. Considerate /kənˈsɪdərət/, kind. E.g. It was very thoughtful of you to send the flowers.


Perceptive: /pəˈseptɪv/ having or showing the ability to see or understand things quickly, especially things that are not obvious. E.g. a highly perceptive comment. It was very perceptive of you to notice that.


Obsessive: /əbˈsesɪv/ thinking too much about one particular person or thing, in a way that is not normal. E.g. He's becoming more and more obsessive about punctuality. An obsessive attention to detail.


Inspirational: /ˌɪnspəˈreɪʃənl/ giving you the enthusiasm to do or create something. E.g. an inspirational leader/speech.


Over-ambitious: /ˌəʊvəræmˈbɪʃəs/ 1. (of a person) too determined to be successful, rich, powerful, etc. E.g. Disappointments come when you are overambitious. He blamed his parents for being overambitious on his behalf. 2 (of a plan, task, etc.) unsuccessful or likely to be unsuccessful because of needing too much effort, money or time. E.g. Her plans were overambitious. 


Conscientious: /ˌkɒnʃiˈenʃəs/ taking care to do things carefully and correctly. E.g. a conscientious student/teacher/worker. He was thorough and conscientious, rather than brilliant.


Thorough: /ˈθʌrə/ doing things very carefully and with great attention to detail. E.g. She's very thorough and conscientious. He was determined to be thorough in his research.


Obstinate: /ˈɒbstɪnət/ (often disapproving) refusing to change your opinions, way of behaving, etc. when other people try to persuade you to; behaviour that shows this. Stubborn. E.g. He can be very obstinate when he wants to be! Her obstinate determination to pursue a career in radio.


Neurotic: /njʊəˈrɒtɪk/ not behaving in a reasonable, calm way, because you are worried about something. E.g. She became neurotic about keeping the house clean. A brilliant but neurotic actor.


Open-minded: willing to listen to, think about or accept different ideas. Unprejudiced. E.g. a serious and open-minded newspaper. He was very open-minded and he liked to try different things.


Prejudiced: /ˈpredʒədɪst/ having an unreasonable dislike of or preference for somebody/something, especially based on their race, religion, sex, etc. E.g. Few people will admit to being racially prejudiced. They are prejudiced against older applicants.


Unprejudiced: /ʌnˈpredʒədɪst/ not influenced by an unreasonable fear or dislike of something/somebody; willing to consider different ideas and opinions. E.g. he has every sincere and unprejudiced person on his side.


Apathetic: /ˌæpəˈθetɪk/ showing no interest or enthusiasm. E.g. The illness made her apathetic and unwilling to meet people. E.g. Millennials are often portrayed as apathetic, disinterested, tuned out and selfish.


Insensitive: /ɪnˈsensətɪv/ not realizing or caring how other people feel, and therefore likely to hurt or offend them. E.g. She's completely insensitive to my feelings.


Solitary: /ˈsɒlətri/ enjoying being alone; frequently spending time alone. E.g. He was a solitary child. Tigers are solitary animals.


Rebellious: /rɪˈbeljəs/ unwilling to obey rules or accept normal standards of behaviour, dress, etc. E.g. rebellious teenagers. Not surprisingly, I grew up confused, rebellious, fearful, independent, imaginative, curious, free-spirited (independent) and anxious. 


Mature: /məˈtʃʊə(r)/ behaving in a sensible way, like an adult. E.g. Jane is very mature for her age.


Immature: /ˌɪməˈtjʊə(r)/ having or showing an emotional or intellectual development appropriate to someone younger. E.g. his immature sense of humour.


Inquisitive: /ɪnˈkwɪzətɪv/ 1 (disapproving) asking too many questions and trying to find out about what other people are doing, etc. Curious. E.g. Don't be so inquisitive. It's none of your business! I didn’t like to seem inquisitive 2. very interested in learning about many different things. E.g. He has an an inquisitive mind. His poems reveal an intensely inquisitive mind. An intelligent and inquisitive young man. 


4 C

1 perceptive 


2 prejudiced 


3 apathetic
 


 4 obstinate 


5 rebellious 


6 solitary 


7 neurotic 


8 open-minded 


4 D
Suggested answers: 
Thoughtful: 
                  
                   
                   takes other people’s feelings into consideration.
 
Obsessive: 


                  thinks about one thing too much. 

Inspirational: 


                      does things which encourage other people to have ideas

Over-ambitious:


                            tries to do too much.

Conscientious: 


                        works hard.

Insensitive: 


                   doesn’t notice or think about other people’s feelings.

Mature: 


             behaves in a sensible, adult way.

Inquisitive:


                  is curious to know more 

p 148
Ex 1A
considerate/selfish
 
Considerate: /kənˈsɪdərət/ always thinking of other people's wishes and feelings; careful not to hurt or upset others. Thoughtful. E.g. She is always polite and considerate towards her employees. It was very considerate of him to wait. 


circumspect/impetuous 

Circumspect: /ˈsɜːkəmspekt/ thinking very carefully about something before doing it, because there may be risks involved. Cautious. E.g. He was very circumspect in his financial affairs.

Impetuous: /ɪmˈpetʃuəs/ acting or done quickly and without thinking carefully about the results. Impulsive. E.g. an impetuous young woman. An impetuous decision. If you're a careful person who thinks everything through and doesn't act rashly, then you're not very impetuous. Impetuous has to do with doing things on the spur of the moment — and not good things. Being impetuous usually goes along with being impatient and easily angered. If you're impetuous, you act quickly and thoughtlessly when you should just take a deep breath, relax, and think about the best thing to do.


conservative/liberal

Conservative: /kənˈsɜːvətɪv/ opposed to great or sudden social change; showing that you prefer traditional styles and values. E.g. the conservative views of his parents. Her style of dress was never conservative.

Liberal: willing to understand and respect other people's behaviour, opinions, etc, especially when they are different from your own; believing people should be able to choose how they behave. E.g. liberal attitudes/views/opinions.


temperamental/easygoing 
 
Temperamental: /ˌtemprəˈmentl/ having a tendency to become angry, excited or upset easily, and to behave in an unreasonable way. E.g. You never know what to expect with her. She's so temperamental.

Easygoing: relaxed and happy to accept things without worrying or getting angry. E.g. I wish I had such easy-going parents!



gregarious/introverted

Gregarious: /ɡrɪˈɡeəriəs/ liking to be with other people. Sociable. E.g. She's very outgoing and gregarious.

Introverted: /ˈɪntrəvɜːtɪd/ (also introvert) more interested in your own thoughts and feelings than in spending time with other people. E.g. His teachers perceived him as shy and introverted. She was as naturally extroverted as Paul was painfully introverted.


1B
1 selfish 


2 temperamental 


3 conservative
 


4 introverted 


5 easygoing 


6 circumspect 


7 liberal
 


8 impetuous


9 considerate 


10 gregarious




5A
 
1 It is a test of your personality.


2 Anybody can use it, but it is widely used by companies for their workers.

Meticulous: /məˈtɪkjələs/ paying careful attention to every detail. E.g. Their room had been prepared with meticulous care. She planned her trip in meticulous detail.

nit-picker: someone who finds small mistakes in somebody's work or pays too much attention to small details that are not important. E.g.  The nit-pickers usually begin with 'Look, this is fine,' followed by that one word – 'but'. He was a meticulous nitpicker who wasn't able to "see the big picture."
Nitpicking is the act of removing nits (the eggs of lice, generally head lice) from the hair.


5B
Stressor: something that causes mental or emotional strain or tension. E.g. Looking back, there were all kinds of stressors in his life. One of the biggest stressors in the world of work is not the work itself, but the people we work with

1 the people we work with


2 all kinds of people, often office workers


3 The interviewer asks questions about Mariella’s lifestyle, how she does her shopping, whether she can put together flat-pack furniture, what she does at the end of the day, how she would react in certain situations.

Flat-pack: a piece of furniture that is sold in pieces in a flat box and that you have to build yourself. E.g. You can buy the kitchen as a flat-pack for self-assembly. I am hopeless at putting together flat-pack furniture.


6A
1. sweeping generalisers: people who make statements that are too general and do not consider all the facts


2. detail-obsessed nit-pickers: people who argue about small, unimportant details.


3. obsessive planners: people who worry excessively about plans


4. last-minute deadline junkies: people who leave doing their work until the last minute before it needs to be finished.
Junkie: 1. a drug addict. 2. a person with a compulsive habit or obsessive dependency on something E.g. power junkies.
 

5. recharge your batteries: to regain your energy/strength


6. flat-pack furniture: furniture that you can buy in warehouses which you unpack and assemble yourself
at home.
 

 6B

1b) 


2c) 


3b) 


4c)

Vocabulary:
Questions:
flat-pack furniture: furniture that you can buy in warehouses which you unpack and assemble yourself
at home.

go about something: to start working on something. Tackle. You're not going about the job in the right way. Go about doing something How should I go about finding a job?

infuriating: /ɪnˈfjʊərieɪtɪŋ/ making you extremely angry. E.g. It is infuriating to talk to someone who just looks out of the window.

practicalities: [plural] the real facts and circumstances rather than ideas or theories. E.g. It sounds like a good idea; let's look at the practicalities and work out the costs.

Transcript:
Stressor: something that causes mental or emotional strain or tension. E.g. Looking back, there were all kinds of stressors in his life. One of the biggest stressors in the world of work is not the work itself, but the people we work with.

sweeping: too general and failing to think about or understand particular examples. E.g. a sweeping statement. Sweeping generalisers are people who make statements that are too general and do not consider all the facts. 


detail-obsessed nit-pickers: people who argue about small, unimportant details.
nit-picker: someone who finds small mistakes in somebody's work or pays too much attention to small details that are not important. E.g.  The nit-pickers usually begin with 'Look, this is fine,' followed by that one word – 'but'. He was a meticulous nitpicker who wasn't able to "see the big picture."
Nitpicking is the act of removing nits (the eggs of lice, generally head lice) from the hair.

obsessive planners: people who worry excessively about plans 

last-minute deadline junkies: people who leave doing their work until the last minute before it needs to be finished.
Junkie: 1. a drug addict. 2. a person with a compulsive habit or obsessive dependency on something E.g. power junkies.

intrigued /ɪnˈtriːɡd/ very interested in something/somebody and wanting to know more about it/them. E.g.
He was intrigued by her story. Intrigued to do something I'm intrigued to know what you thought of the movie.

Come across somebody/something: to meet or find somebody/something by chance. E.g. I came across children sleeping under bridges. She came across some old photographs in a drawer.

Fall into something: to be able to be divided into something. E.g. My talk falls naturally into three parts.

intuit: /ɪnˈtjuːɪt/ to know that something is true based on your feelings rather than on facts, what somebody tells you, etc. E.g. She intuited that something was badly wrong.

recharge your batteries: to regain your energy/strength.

flat-pack furniture: furniture that you can buy in warehouses which you unpack and assemble yourself
at home.  


infuriating: /ɪnˈfjʊərieɪtɪŋ/ making you extremely angry. E.g. It is infuriating to talk to someone who just looks out of the window.
 
run out (of something): to use up or finish a supply of something. E.g. We ran out of fuel. Could I have a piece of paper? I seem to have run out.

pick sth up: to collect something from a place. E.g. I picked up my coat from the cleaners.

random: done, chosen, etc. without somebody deciding in advance what is going to happen, or without any regular pattern. E.g. The information is processed in a random order.

aspirational: /ˌæspəˈreɪʃənl/ wanting very much to achieve success in your career or to improve your social status and standard of living. E.g. advertising aimed at the aspirational classes.

illuminate: /ɪˈluːmɪneɪt/ (usually as adjective illuminating) help to clarify or explain. E.g. a most illuminating discussion. His comments can illuminate aspects of a writer's work unforgettably.

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