Monday, 28 October 2013

Speakout Advanced p 28. The Magic of Me: Vanessa-Mae. Listening

1. Vanessa-Mae has a fortune (1)__________________ thirty million pounds.
2. The violin has (2)_____________________ her life.
3. From her early years as a musical (3.1)_____________ to the (3.2)___________ of money and (3.3)_______________, Vanessa’s entire life has been (3.4)_______________ by music. However,  for fifteen years her mother helped to (3.5)__________ her career.
4. She was always made to appreciate that the love her mother had for her was (4)___________.
5. Vanessa wants to find out whether her musical success (5)_______________ her or her mother.
6.  "I need to (6.1)_____________  whether I was born to play the violin or if I (6.2)____________________playing the violin. Was it nature or (6.3)_____________ that played a bigger part?"
7. Vanessa will be observed by psychologists and (7)_______________ the limit.
8. Vanessa wanted to know if she had become the person she became because she (8) _______________ to be a violinist.
9. She was (9)_______________ many different things, therefore she could not get to know who she was or make any choices until later in life.
10. Earlier in her career she thought that what set her (10)_____________  another violinist with the same amount of training was nature.
11. Now she is not  (11.1)_____________ to recognize that it was her blood, her (11.2)________ and her tears that brought her where she is today. Therefore she has decided to (11.3)_____________ fifty percent one, and fifty percent the other.

1. in excess of
excess: /ɪkˈses/ E.g. The increase will not be in excess of (= more than) two per cent.

2.  basically dictated
dictate: to control or influence how something happens. Determine. E.g. When we take our vacations is very much dictated by Greg's work schedule. It's generally your job that dictates where you live now.

3.1. prodigy: /ˈprɒdədʒi/ a young person who is unusually intelligent or skilful for their age. E.g. a child/an infant prodigy. A musical prodigy.

3.2. glamour: /ˈɡlæmə(r)/ the attractive and exciting quality that makes a person, a job or a place seem special, often because of wealth or status. E.g. hopeful young actors and actresses dazzled by the glamour of Hollywood. Now that she's a flight attendant, foreign travel has lost its glamour for her.

3.3. celebrity: /səˈlebrəti/ 1 (also informal celeb) [countable] a famous person. E.g. TV celebrities. 2 [uncountable] the state of being famous. Fame. E.g. Does he find his new celebrity intruding on his private life?

3.4. shaped
to shape: help determine. To have an important influence on the way that somebody/ something develops. E.g. His ideas had been shaped by his experiences during the war. She had a leading role in shaping party policy.

3.5. forge
forge something: /fɔːdʒ/ to put a lot of effort into making something successful or strong so that it will last. Sp. forjar. E.g. She forged a new career as a poet and songwriter. A move to forge new links between management and workers. Strategic alliances are being forged with major European companies. She forged a new career in the music business. They forged a lead in the first 30 minutes of the game.

4. conditional
conditional (on/upon something) depending on something. E.g. Payment is conditional upon delivery of the goods (= if the goods are not delivered the money will not be paid).

5. was down to
be down to somebody/something to be caused by a particular person or thing. E.g. She claimed her problems were down to the media.

6.1. work out: to find the answer to something. Solve. E.g. to work out a problem. I couldn't work out where the music was coming from. I can't work out what to do.

6.2. was talked into 
talk somebody into/out of something: to persuade somebody to do/not to do something. E.g. I didn't want to move abroad but Bill talked me into it. Talk somebody into/out of doing something She tried to talk him out of leaving.

6.3. nurture: /ˈnɜːtʃə(r)/ care, encouragement and support given to somebody/something while they are growing. Sp. crianza, educación. E.g. The study seems to show that nurture is more important than nature in shaping a child's character and future prospects. These plants will need careful nurture.

7. be pushed to
push somebody/yourself to make somebody work hard. E.g. The music teacher really pushes her pupils. Lucy should push herself a little harder. She will be pushed to the limit.

8. was groomed
groom: to prepare or train somebody for an important job or position. Groom somebody (for/as something) Our junior employees are being groomed for more senior roles. Groom somebody to do something The eldest son is being groomed to take over when his father dies.

9. cut off from
cut somebody/something off (from somebody/something) [often passive] to prevent somebody/ something from leaving or reaching a place or communicating with people outside a place. E.g. The army was cut off from its base. She feels very cut off living in the country. He cut himself off from all human contact.

10. apart from
set somebody/something apart (from somebody/something): to make somebody/something different from or better than others. E.g. Her elegant style sets her apart from other journalists.

11.1. ashamed

11.2. sweat

11.3. shift towards
Shift: to change your opinion of or attitude towards something, or change the way that you do something. E.g. We need to shift the focus of this debate. Shift something (from…) (to/towards/toward…) The new policy shifted the emphasis away from fighting inflation. The future of commerce is going to shift towards the internet.

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