Sunday, 20 October 2013

Speakout Advanced p 20. Keys and Vocabulary

Warm up
Choose one of the following people who has taught you an important lesson in life.
Teacher, family member, celebrity, doctor, author, other. 
Think about what it was, when you heard it, and how it helped you.

Ex 2A
Key
1 e)



2 c)



3 f )



4 a)



5 i)



6 h)



7 d)



Vocabulary
show somebody/know/learn the ropes (informal) to show somebody/know/learn how a particular job should be done. E.g.  It didn't take her new assistant long to learn the ropes.

mentor: /ˈmentɔː(r)/ an experienced person who advises and helps somebody with less experience over a period of time. E.g. She was a friend and mentor to many young actors.

trick: a way of doing something that works well; a good method. E.g. The trick is to pick the animal up by the back of its neck. He used the old trick of attacking in order to defend himself.

attack (on somebody/something) strong criticism of somebody/something in speech or in writing. E.g. a scathing (severe) attack on the government's policies. The school has come under attack for failing to encourage bright pupils. 

primatologist: /ˌpraɪməˈtɒlədʒɪst/ scientist that deals with primates /ˈpraɪmeɪts/.


take advantage of something/somebody: to make use of something well; to make use of an opportunity. E.g. She took advantage of the children's absence to tidy their rooms. We took full advantage of the hotel facilities.


give up: to stop trying to do something. E.g. They gave up without a fight. She doesn't give up easily. I give up—tell me the answer. Never, ever give up.

waitressing: /ˈweɪtrəsɪŋ/ the job of being a waitress. E.g. I did some waitressing when I was a student.
waiting: the fact of working as a waiter or waitress.

teammate: a member of the same team or group as yourself .

effect: a change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause. E.g. Modern farming methods can have an adverse effect on the environment. Politicians have some effect (U) on the lives of ordinary people. It had a profound effect on me.

Surgeon General: (plural Surgeons General) (in the US) the head of a public health service or of a medical service in the armed forces. E.g. Surgeon General's warning: cigarette smoking causes cancer.

live by something: to follow a particular belief or set of principles. E.g. That's a philosophy I could live by. Those are words I still live by. 

ego: /ˈiːɡəʊ/ (plural egos) your sense of your own value and importance. E.g. He has the biggest ego of anyone I've ever met. Winning the prize really boosted her ego.

steep learning curve: in a position in which you quickly have to learn something difficult.  
steep: sudden and very big. E.g. a steep decline in the birth rate. A steep rise in unemployment. 
learning curve: the rate at which you learn a new subject or a new skill; the process of learning from the mistakes you make. E.g. We have all been through a steep learning curve to master the new procedures. We expect a learning curve as we develop the project. When were you last on a steep learning curve?

friction (between A and B) disagreement or a lack of friendship among people who have different opinions about something. Tension. E.g. conflicts and frictions that have still to be resolved. A considerable amount of friction between father and son.

don't mix: if two or more things, people or activities do not mix, they are likely to cause problems or danger if they are combined. E.g. Children and fireworks don't mix. Marriage and business don't mix. 

Ex 3A
KEY

1 learning the ropes 



2 came under attack
 



3 trusted my instincts 



4 take advantage of opportunities
 



5 never (ever) give up 



6 had a profound effect on

 


7 believe in yourself 



8 on a steep learning curve

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