Sunday, 13 October 2013

Speakout Advanced p 13. Personality Inventories. Extra Listening



PERSONALITY INVENTORIES
 
1. What have personality inventories become?

2. What did phrenologists use to do?

3. What did the real beginning of personality assessment with actual inventories grow out of?

4. When was the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory developed?

5. What kind of questions did Harrison G. Gough ask?

6. What does knowing what our natural tendencies, gifts and abilities are enable us to do?

7. What did Joyce Bishop realize when she was told about the way she skied?

8. What is important to do when we take the personality inventories and assessments?

9. What do these dimensions tell us?

10. Can we put these characteristics together and say what a person is like?

11. What is the difference between ‘persona’ and ‘persönlichkeit’?


KEY
 
1. An increasing common assessment tool.



2. They would look at the bumps and ridges in the skull and say these are related to different characteristics.



3. The assessment of intelligence.



4. Just after World War 2.



5. True false questions.



6. We can plot a plan that enables us to go from point A to point B and it means walking through some discomfort and letting that be OK.



7. She was not pushing herself. She was not trying new slopes or difficulties. It spoke to her about her life. Her natural tendency is to take the safe way.



8. To make sure that you then don't rest in that area but then take a step backwards and to see: what does this tell me about myself?



9. They are fundamental ways of saying how you are different from me. Everybody has some place in the continuum so it isn't like it is not relevant.



10. Some would say yes, that's all there is. And many others would say no, that's just a costume, the persona.



11. Persona: The social you that people see. "Persönlichkeit": the internal you which no one sees and which you have to talk about and that even you don't see some of the time.

GLOSSARY

Inventory: questionnaire.

Phrenology is a hypothesis stating that the personality traits of a person can be derived from the shape of the skull.

Assessment: judgement, evaluation.

Bump: something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from a form. Sp. Bulto, protuberancia.

Ridge: a long narrow natural elevation or striation. Sp. Cresta, protuberancia

To grow out of: If an idea grows out of another one, it develops from it.

To piggyback on sb/sth: to use sth that already exists as a support for your own work

Dimension: a part or feature or way of considering something.

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