Thursday, 24 October 2013

Speakout Advanced p 24. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 4A


1 to say

2 to ask



3 to offer
insight (into something) an understanding of what something is like. E.g. The book gives us fascinating insights into life in Mexico. I hope you have gained some insight into the difficulties we face.

to challenge
misconception: /ˌmɪskənˈsepʃn/ a belief or an idea that is not based on correct information, or that is not understood by people. E.g. frequently held misconceptions about the disease. A popular misconception (= one that a lot of people have). Let me deal with some common misconceptions. Views based on misconception and prejudice.

4 talking

argument: a reason or set of reasons that somebody uses to show that something is true or correct. E.g. There are powerful arguments against releasing them from prison.  You could make an argument for working shorter hours.

vegan: /ˈviːɡən/ a person who does not eat any animal products such as meat, milk or eggs. E.g. Some vegans do not use animal products such as silk or leather.

fall down: to be shown to be not correct, weak or not good enough. E.g. And that's where the theory falls down. Their argument falls down on several important points.

5 to be

6 sleeping

to deal
cope: to deal successfully with something difficult. E.g. He wasn't able to cope with the stresses and strains of the job.  A seminar on coping with stress in the workplace.

Ex 4B


2 scared to say 

3 wanted to offer 

4 admit feeling 
recall: E.g. I can't recall meeting her before.
admit: She admitted having driven the car without insurance. She admitted to having stolen the car.
mention: E.g. Did I mention going to see Vicky on Sunday?

5 freedom to ask

arguments for being 

6 wanted to offer 

7 enjoyed talking 

8 Sleeping outside 

9 advised me to be

advise: E.g. Police are advising people to stay at home. I'd advise you not to tell him.
remind: E.g. Remind me to phone Alan before I go out.
prefer somebody/something to do something: E.g. Would you prefer me to stay?  I'd prefer you to drive, if you don't mind.

Ex 4C


2 infinitive with to 

3 infinitive with to 

4 verb+ -ing 

5 freedom to ask = infinitive with to; arguments for being = verb+ -ing 

6 infinitive with to 

7 verb+ -ing 

8 verb+ -ing 

9 infinitive with to 

Ex 4D


1 rule b) 

2 rule c) 

3 rule a) 

p 131

1 making 

2 to underestimate (to not realize how good, strong, determined, etc. somebody really is. E.g. Never underestimate your opponent. Their ability should not be underestimated.)

3 to impress

4 walking 

5 to have formed 

6 to say 

7 judging 

8 to do

9 to give

appear to do something She appeared to be in her late thirties. 

Ex 2 
1 Correct. 

2 I don’t know why you waste all your time sitting in front of the computer. 

3 Cooder was encouraged to play the guitar by his father. 

4 They hoped to meet up with some of the stars after the show.

5 They were rumoured to have got married in secret.

6 I gave up the idea of going into politics when I was in my 30s. 

7 We were tempted to ask if we could stay the night, but we thought it might seem rude. 

8 Correct.

Ex 5A


1 to feel 
expect: E.g. You can't expect to learn a foreign language in a few months.

2 Meeting

enlighten somebody (formal) to give somebody information so that they understand something better. E.g. She didn't enlighten him about her background.
enlightening: E.g. It was a very enlightening interview. He had found the conversation very enlightening.

3 to ask

4 to imagine 

5 leaving 
 contemplate doing something E.g. I have never contemplated living abroad.

6 to marry 
refuse to do something He flatly (absolutely) refused to discuss the matter.

7 to have lost 

8 being

Ex 5B

consider doing something E.g. We're considering buying a new car. You wouldn't consider marrying a man for his money, then?

regret doing something E.g. He bitterly regretted ever having mentioned it. 

hard to do something It is hard to believe that she's only nine. 

persuade somebody to do something Try to persuade him to come. 

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