Wednesday, 9 October 2013

Speakout Advanced p 9. Key and Vocabulary

Ex 5A
The answers are in 5B below.

Ex 5B

a) 5

b) 4

c) 1

d) 2

e) 3

f ) 6

Tentative: /ˈtentətɪv/ 
1. (of an arrangement, agreement, etc.) not definite or certain because you may want to change it later. E.g. We made a tentative arrangement to meet on Friday. Tentative conclusions. A tentative agreement. A tentative deal.
2. not behaving or done with confidence. Hesitant.E.g. a tentative greeting. Her English is correct but tentative. I'm taking the first tentative steps towards fitness. Tentative ideas (to avoid being too direct with a request. For example: I was wondering if I could borrow some money).

Note that the continuous aspect focuses on the action and its duration, rather than the result. It is used to show that an activity is temporary /ˈtemprəri/ and its duration is limited.

p 129

1 isn’t working

2 Correct.

3 had been having

Drag: to pull somebody/something along with effort and difficulty. E.g. I dragged the chair over to the

4 is weighing

5 Correct.

Tricky: difficult to do or deal with. E.g. a tricky situation. A tricky problem. That's a tricky question because there are many things to consider.

6 was looking

Look through something: to examine or read something quickly. E.g. She looked through her notes before the exam.

7 am talking

8 Correct.

9 has been studying

10 am doing

Ex 2

1 Why are you crying?

2 How long had he been working there before they fired him? How long was he working there before they fired him?

Devastated: /ˈdevəsteɪtɪd/ extremely upset and shocked. Sp. desolado. E.g. His family is absolutely devastated.

3 What have you been doing since you graduated?

4 How long have you been living in Madrid?

5 Who were you talking to when I saw you earlier?

6 What did you want to be when you were a child?

7 Have you been waiting long?

8 Why didn’t you finish your degree?

Run out of: to use up or finish a supply of something. E.g. We ran out of fuel. Could I have a cigarette? I seem to have run out.

Tuition fees: the money that you pay to be taught, especially in a college or university.

6 and 8 have to use the simple form.

Ex 6

2 have been waiting. It is an unfinished action and emphasises the length of time.

3 Correct.

4 am trying. It is an action in progress at this time.

5 had been expecting. It emphasises the length of time.

6 Correct.

7 Correct.

8 will have been living. It emphasises the length of time.

9 am/’m working. It refers to something still in progress.

10 was making. It talks about something that was in progress when I got home.

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