Tuesday, 31 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 92. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 1A

A time capsule is a box in which you place objects to represent a time and a culture. It is then buried for future generations to dig up years later.

Ex 1B
On/to the verge of something/of doing something: very near to the moment when somebody does something or something happens. E.g. He was on the verge of tears. They are on the verge of signing a new contract. These measures brought the republic to the verge of economic collapse.

nostalgic: feeling sadness mixed with pleasure and affection when you think of happy times in the past. E.g. nostalgic memories. I feel quite nostalgic for the place where I grew up.

dawn (of something) the beginning or first signs of something. E.g. the dawn of civilization/ time/ history. At the dawn of the new millennium.

barbed wire: strong wire with short sharp points on it, used especially for fences. E.g. a barbed wire fence.

A code of conduct is a set of rules outlining the responsibilities of or proper practices for an individual, party or organization. E.g. a high school code of conduct.

issue: one of a regular series of magazines or newspapers. E.g. the July issue of ‘What Car? The article appeared in issue 25.

Girls' Life Magazine

a hearing aid: a small device that fits inside the ear and makes sounds louder, used by people who cannot hear well. E.g. to have/ wear a hearing aid.

Closed-circuit /ˈsɜːkɪt/ TV camera: (also CCTV)  a television system that works within a limited area, for example a public building, to protect it from crime.

A chillum, or chilam, is a straight conical pipe with end-to-end channel, traditionally made of clay and used since at least the 18th century by wandering Hindu monks in India. It was invented in India. The culture of owning and smoking in a chillum has spread from India to the world since the mid-1960s. 

 Arguably: /ˈɑːɡjuəbli/ used (often before a comparative or superlative adjective) when you are stating an opinion that you believe you could give reasons to support. Sp. se puede decir que. E.g. He is arguably the best actor of his generation.

pharaoh: /ˈfeərəʊ/ a ruler of ancient Egypt.

lead: /led/ Sp. plomo.

gramophone/ˈɡræməfəʊn/ a record player.

artifact (AmE): (also artefact (BrE) )

crypt: a room under the floor of a church, used especially in the past as a place for burying people.

weld: to join pieces of metal together by heating their edges and pressing them together. Sp. soldar. E.g. All the parts of the sculpture have to be welded together.

for/in the foreseeable future for/in the period of time when you can predict what is going to happen, based on the present circumstances. E.g. The statue will remain in the museum for the foreseeable future. It's unlikely that the hospital will be closed in the foreseeable future (= soon).

encase something (in something) (formal): to surround or cover something completely, especially to protect it. Sp. recubrir. E.g. The reactor is encased in concrete and steel. His upper body was completely encased in bandages.

resin:  /ˈrezɪn/ a sticky substance that is produced by some trees and is used in making varnish, medicine, etc.
at/from the outset (of something): at/from the beginning of something. E.g. I made it clear right from the outset that I disapproved. 

Ex 2A
I Antonio Carlos Jobim 

2 Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

3 Ralph's Fine Dining

4 Bharatpur,India 

5 France's National Library 

6 Professor Thornwell Jacobs

7 Panasonic and Mainichi Newspapers 

8 In 2025

Ex 3A
1 at the dawn of (more literary and used only for very big occasions)
the outset

2 in years to come 

3 on the verge of, 
was about to 

4 for the foreseeable future

Ex 3B
1 In years to come, we will remember this as a golden age

2. Scientists are on the verge of finding a cure for AIDS. 

3 Humanity probably won't exist at the dawn of the next millennium.

4 We are about to enter an age of natural disasters

5 From the outset, the internet was able to unite people around the world. 

5 Poverty will be with us for the foreseeable future.

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