Wednesday, 25 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 86. Kids and Freedom. Extra Word Formation

When a New York 1_____________ (JOURNAL), Lenore Skenazy, wrote about how she had 2____________ (DELIBERATE) left her nine-year-old son in 3_________ (CENTRE) New York and let him take the 4__________ (WAY) home alone, she 5__________ (LEASH) a 6________ (MEDIUM) 7____________ (FRENETIC). Her son, Izzy, 8_________ (WHO) idea the expedition had been, was happy with the experience. He had arrived home 9_______ (SAFE), 10_________ (ECSTASY) with 11____________ (DEPEND). He had been 12_________ (NAG) his mother for weeks to be allowed out on his own and to travel 13____________ (SUPERVISE). She had given Izzy a subway map, twenty dollars and a few quarters in case he needed to make a phone call. She hadn't given him a mobile phone (in case he lost it). But Ms Skenazy's actions landed her in a huge row. Although many came out to support her, she was labelled 'crazy' and 'America's worst mom' by others. 'My son had not climbed Mount Fuji in flip-flops,' she wrote 14_________ (SUBSEQUENT). 'He'd 15________ (SIMPLE) done what most people my age had done 16_________ (ROUTE) when they were his age: 17_________ (GO) 18__________ (WHERE) on his own, 19_________ (WITH) a 20_________ (SECURE) detail.' She now runs a blog 21_________ (CALL) Free Range Kids, which advocates 22____________ (COURAGE) independence in children and says, The problem with this everything-is-dangerous 23___________ (LOOK) is that over-24________ (PROTECTIVE) is a danger in 25_________ (IT). A child who thinks he can't do anything on his own eventually can't.' So, are we living in a risk-averse culture where we stifle our children's ability to deal with danger by never allowing them to take 26________ (REASON) risks? Does Western society 27__________ (CODDLE) 28_________ (IT) children? Or did Ms Skenazy's actions expose her son to real and 29____________ (NECESSARY) danger? What do you think?

1.  journalist

2. deliberately
deliberately: /dɪˈlɪbərətli/ done in a way that was planned, not by chance. E.g. She's been deliberately ignoring him all day.   

3. central 

4. subway 

5. unleashed
unleash something (on/upon somebody/something): /ʌnˈliːʃ/  to suddenly let a strong force, emotion, etc. be felt or have an effect. Sp. desatar. E.g. The government's proposals unleashed a storm of protest in the press.
leash: restrain: e.g. his violence was barely leashed.   

6. media 

7. frenzy 
frenzy: /ˈfrenzi/ a state of great activity and strong emotion that is often violent or frightening and not under control. Sp. frenesí, histerismo. E.g. in a frenzy of activity/ excitement/ violence. The speaker worked the crowd up into a frenzy. An outbreak of patriotic frenzy. A killing frenzy. 

8. whose 

9. safely 

10. ecstatic
ecstatic: /ɪkˈstætɪk/ very happy, excited and enthusiastic; feeling or showing great enthusiasm. E.g. Sally was ecstatic about her new job. Martin was not exactly ecstatic at the news.   

11. independence 

12. nagging
nag: ask over and over again. To keep complaining to somebody about their behaviour or keep asking them to do something. Pester. E.g. She had been nagging him to paint the fence. She nagged him to do the housework. He’s always nagging at her for staying out late. She constantly nags her daughter about getting married.

13. unsupervised
unsupervised: not done or acting under supervision. E.g. unsupervised visitsA safe garden where children may play unsupervised. 

quarter: a coin of the US and Canada worth 25 cents.

land in something | land somebody/yourself in something (informal) to get somebody/ yourself into a difficult situation. E.g. She was arrested and landed in court. His hot temper has landed him in trouble before. Now you've really landed me in it! (= got me into trouble). Dean's really landed me in it by saying that I didn't mind helping. Her actions landed her in a huge row. 

row: /raʊ/ A serious dispute. Quarrel. E.g. the director is at the centre of a row over policy decisions. They had a row and she stormed out of the house.

come out: to say publicly whether you agree or disagree with something. E.g. come out in favour of/ against (doing) something. He came out against the plan. In her speech, the senator came out in favour of a change in the law. Many came out to support her. The commission has come out against the takeover. 
To say something in an open, honest, or public way that often makes someone feel surprised, embarrassed, or offended come (right) out and say something:  e.g. We were all thinking he'd made a mistake, but nobody would come out and say it.

Mount Fuji located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m.

flip-flop: a type of sandal (= open shoe) that has a piece of leather, etc. that goes between the big toe and the toe next to it. E.g. a pair of flip-flops.

14. subsequently
subsequently/ˈsʌbsɪkwəntli/ afterwards; later; after something else has happened. E.g. The original interview notes were subsequently lost. Subsequently, new guidelines were issued to all employees. He subsequently became chairman of the party.

15. simply 

16. routinely 

17. gone 

18. somewhere 

19. without 

20. security 
A security detail more often known as a PSD, standing for Protective Services Detail, Personal Security Detachment, or Personal Security Detail is a protective team assigned to protect the personal security of an individual or group. PSDs can be made up of military personnel, private security contractors, or law enforcement agents. 

21. called 

Free-range: connected with a system of farming in which animals are kept in natural conditions and can move around freely. E.g. free-range chickens. Free-range eggs.

22. encouraging
advocate: /ˈædvəkeɪt/ to support something publicly. E.g. advocate something The group does not advocate the use of violence. Advocate (somebody) doing something Many experts advocate rewarding your child for good behaviour.

23. outlook
outlook (on something) the attitude to life and the world of a particular person, group or culture. E.g. He had a practical outlook on life. Most Western societies are liberal in outlook. 

24. protectiveness /prəˈtektɪvnəs/ 

25. itself 
risk-averse: not willing to do something if it is possible that something bad could happen as a result. E.g. We live in a risk-averse culture. In business you cannot be innovative and risk-averse at the same time.

averse /əˈvɜːs/ to something / to doing something (formal) not liking something or wanting to do something; opposed to doing something. E.g. He was averse to any change. 
stifle something to prevent something from happening; to prevent a feeling from being expressed. Suppress. E.g. They hope the new rules will not stifle creativity. The government failed to stifle the unrest.

26. reasonable

27. mollycoddle 

mollycoddle somebody /ˈmɒlikɒdl/ to protect somebody too much and make their life too comfortable and safe. Sp. sobreproteger. E.g. She was mollycoddled as a child.

coddle: to treat somebody with too much care and attention. E.g. She coddles him like a child.

28. its 

29. unnecessary 

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