Sunday, 22 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 83. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 2A

1 switch off
switch off (informal) to stop thinking about something or paying attention to something. E.g. When I hear the word ‘football’ I switch off (= because I am not interested in it). The only time he really switches off (= stops thinking about work, etc.) is when we're on vacation.

2 slow down live or work less actively or intensely. e.g. You must slow down (= work less hard) or you'll make yourself ill. I wasn’t feeling well and had to slow down

3. unwind /ˌʌnˈwaɪnd/ unwound, unwound /ˌʌnˈwaʊnd/ to begin to relax after you have been working hard or feeling nervous. To stop worrying or thinking about problems and start to relax. E.g. Music helps me unwind after a busy day. I need to sit down and unwind for half an hour.

4. take your mind off (something)  
take your mind off something to make you forget about something unpleasant for a short time. Distract. E.g. Painting helped take her mind off her troubles. A good night out will help you take your mind off exams.

5 hang out  
hang out (informal) to spend a lot of time in a place. E.g. The local kids hang out at the mall. She knew all the clubs where he usually hung out.

6 let your hair down
let your hair down (informal) to relax and enjoy yourself, especially in a lively way. E.g.  It's about time you let your hair down and had some fun! We need a place where young folk can let their hair down and enjoy themselves.

7 have a breather 
breather: /ˈbriːðə(r)/ a short pause for rest or to relax. E.g. to take/ have a breather. Tell me when you need a breather. A five-minute breather. Let’s take a breather. They ran for a good hour before Michi stopped to take a breather.

8 take it easy
take it/things easy to relax and avoid working too hard or doing too much. E.g. The doctor told me to take it easy for a few weeks. I like to take things easy when I'm on holiday.

Ex 2B 
1 have a breather, take it easy
take a rest  e.g. to have/take a rest from all your hard work. He took a short rest in the afternoon.

2 hang out

3 slow down 
workaholic /ˌwɜːkəˈhɒlɪk/ a person who works very hard and finds it difficult to stop working and do other things. E.g. He's a workaholic, and hard work is one of the key things in management.

4 unwind, switch off 
stint: a period of time that you spend working somewhere or doing a particular activity. E.g. He did a stint abroad early in his career. A two-year stint in the Navy. I've done my stint in the kitchen for today. His varied career included a stint as a magician.

5 let your hair down
go wild
: e.g. when Pascal scored, the fans went wild.

6 switch off 

7 take your mind off 

8 take it easy  
put your feet up: to sit down and relax, especially with your feet raised and supported. E.g. After a hard day's work, it's nice to get home and put your feet up.

Ex 3A

1 hang out, slow down, switch off, unwind - the second syllable is stressed.

2 the stress is on the third word, on the noun or adjective.

1 hang out
2 take it easy
3 have a breather
4 slow down
5 take your mind off it
6 switch off
7 let your hair down
8 unwind

p 154
Ex 2A

burn the candle at both ends: to become very tired by trying to do too many things and going to bed late and getting up early. E.g. No wonder Mary is ill. She has been burning the candle at both ends for a long time. You'll wear out if you keep burning the candle at both ends.

while something away: to spend time in a pleasant lazy way. E.g. We whiled away the time reading and playing cards. We whiled away the Saturday afternoon sitting by the lake. Commuters while away the time they are stuck in traffic by listening to their favourite radio station.

take time out to spend some time away from your usual work or activity in order to rest or do something else instead. E.g. She is taking time out from her music career for a year. It's very beneficial to take time out to relax each day. He's taking time out between high school and starting at the university. Mary's taking time out from her job to work abroad for a year.

chill out: (informal) to spend time relaxing; to relax and stop feeling angry or nervous about something. E.g. They sometimes meet up to chill out and watch a movie. Sit down and chill out!

work all hours: e.g. Who really likes to work all hours of the day? Not me. The home office makes us able to work all hours of the day, and this is dangerous for those who have difficulties with limiting their work hours.

burn the midnight oil to study or work until late at night . E.g. I have a big exam tomorrow so I'll be burning the midnight oil tonight. If you burn the midnight oil night after night, you'll probably become ill.

Ex 2B

a burning the candle at both ends 

b take time out

c while away (time), chill out.

d working all hours and burning the midnight oil mean you are working extremely hard. They usually have a positive connotation (the person is working hard to achieve something useful).

Ex 5B
speaker 1:
1 he practises Qigong.
2 for a few years.
3 your thoughts are truly in the present and so you're not worrying about the past or future.

Speaker 2:
1 she visits an island on the Thames and then stays on her boat.

3 it's another world, she's surrounded by nature and sleeping on the boat is peaceful.

Speaker 3:
1 gardening.
3 you have to be patient and watching things grow makes her feel very happy, free and peaceful.

ease: /iːz/ to become or to make something less unpleasant, painful, severe, etc. E.g. The pain immediately eased. This should help ease the pain. The plan should ease traffic congestion in the town. It would ease my mind (= make me less worried) to know that she was settled.

chug: /tʃʌɡ/ (+ adverb/preposition) to move making the sound of an engine running slowly. E.g. The boat chugged down the river. The engine chugged and coughed, and finally died. A little old car chugging down the road.

hurry something to do something too quickly. E.g. A good meal should never be hurried. 

blossom:  if a tree blossoms, it produces flowers. E.g. The cherry trees blossomed early this year.

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