Tuesday, 24 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 85. Health: Injuries. Vocabulary

Being injured:
have a fall/an injury
receive/suffer/sustain(suffer) a serious injury
hurt/injure your ankle/back/leg
damage the brain

pull/strain/tear a ligament/muscle/tendon
sprain/twist your ankle/wrist. Sprain
something: to injure a joint in your body, especially your wrist or ankle, by suddenly twisting it. Sp. Torcerse, hacerse un esquince. E.g. I stumbled and sprained my ankle.
break a bone/your leg/three ribs
fracture/crack your skull
break/chip/lose a tooth. Chip
: to damage sth by breaking a small piece off it; to become damaged in this way. E.g. She chipped one of her front teeth. A chipped bone.
dislocate your finger/hip/jaw/shoulder. E.g. a dislocated jaw.
bruise/cut/graze your arm/knee/shoulder
. A bruised thigh. Bruised ribs. Graze: to break the surface of your skin by rubbing it against something rough. Sp. Arañarse.
burn/scald /skɔːld/ yourself/your tongue
bang/bump/hit/(informal) bash your elbow/head/knee (on/against something)

Treating injuries:
treat somebody for burns/a head injury/a stab wound
examine/clean/dress/bandage/treat a bullet wound. Dress a wound: to clean, treat and cover a wound.
repair a damaged/torn ligament/tendon
amputate/cut off an arm/a finger/a foot/a leg/a limb
put on/(formal) apply/take off (especially North American English) a Band-Aid™/(British English) a plaster/a bandage
need/require/put in/(especially British English) have (out)/(North American English) get (out) stitches
put on/rub on/(formal) apply cream/ointment
have/receive/undergo (British English) physiotherapy/(North American English) physical therapy

injure, wound, hurt, bruise, sprain, pull, strain
These words all mean to harm yourself or somebody else physically, especially in an accident. Injure: E.g. He injured his knee playing hockey. Three people were injured in the crash.
Wound: [often passive] (rather formal) to injure part of the body, especially by making a hole in the skin using a weapon: 50 people were seriously wounded in the attack.
Wound is often used to talk about people being hurt in war or in other attacks which affect a lot of people.
Hurt: to cause physical pain to somebody/yourself; to injure somebody/yourself: Did you hurt yourself?
injure or hurt?
You can hurt or injure a part of the body in an accident. Hurt emphasizes the physical pain caused; injure emphasizes that the part of the body has been damaged in some way.
Bruise: to make a blue, brown or purple mark (= a bruise) appear on the skin after somebody has fallen or been hit; to develop a bruise.
Sprain: to injure part of your body, especially your ankle, wrist or knee, by suddenly bending it in an awkward way, causing pain and swelling.
Pull: to damage a muscle, etc, by using too much force
Strain to injure yourself or part of your body by making it work too hard: Don't strain your eyes by reading in poor light.
to injure/hurt/strain yourself
to injure/hurt/sprain/pull/strain
(Sp. forzar, torcer)a muscle
to injure/hurt/sprain your ankle/foot/knee/wrist/hand
to injure/hurt/strain your back/shoulder/eyes
to injure/hurt your spine/neck
to be badly/severely/slightly injured/wounded/hurt/bruised/sprained

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