Friday, 27 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 88. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 2A
Vocabulary
set something + adverb/preposition to place the action of a play, novel or film/ movie in a particular place, time, etc. E.g. The novel is set in London in the 1960s.

prosperous: /ˈprɒspərəs/ rich and successful. E.g. prosperous countries. Farmers are more prosperous in the south of the country.

fortune: /ˈfɔːtʃuːn/

confine somebody/something (in something) /kənˈfaɪn/ [usually passive] to keep a person or an animal in a small or closed space. Sp. confinar. E.g. Keep the dog confined in a suitable travelling cage. Here the river is confined in a narrow channel. The soldiers concerned were confined to barracks (= had to stay in the barracks, as a punishment).

please yourself/ do as you please: to be able to do whatever you like. E.g. There were no children to cook for, so we could just please ourselves. 

compose:  /kəmˈpəʊz/ to manage to control your feelings or expression. E.g. compose yourself Emma frowned, making an effort to compose herself. Compose something I was so confused that I could hardly compose my thoughts.

news: (U) E.g. What's the latest news? The BBC not only tells you the news, it also explains it.
That's great news. A piece/bit of news: We've had a bit of good news.An item of news. Some late news has just come in. News is coming in of a large fire in central London. The news is read by Harriet Daly. We tell you the news that matters to you.

Ex 2B
KEY
1 prosperous 
prosperous: /ˈprɒspərəs/ rich and successful. E.g. prosperous countries. Farmers are more prosperous in the south of the country.



2 a fortune 
fortune: /ˈfɔːtʃuːn/



3 (is) confined in
confine somebody/something (in something) /kənˈfaɪn/ [usually passive] to keep a person or an animal in a small or closed space. Sp. confinar. E.g. Keep the dog confined in a suitable travelling cage. Here the river is confined in a narrow channel. The soldiers concerned were confined to barracks (= had to stay in the barracks, as a punishment).

4 to compose (himself)
compose:  /kəmˈpəʊz/ to manage to control your feelings or expression. E.g. compose yourself Emma frowned, making an effort to compose herself. Compose something I was so confused that I could hardly compose my thoughts.


Culture notes
Little Dorrit was originally a serial novel by Charles Dickens, published between 1855 and 1857. It is a satirical work which focuses on debtors' prisons, where people were kept in Victorian times until they had repaid their debt. Charles Dickens is regarded by many as the greatest English novelist of the Victorian period, and many of his works are considered classics. A recurring theme in his books was the need for social reform at the time.


Ex 3
KEY
The 'good news' is that William will be set free and will inherit a fortune.

Ex 4A
Up: used to say that something is happening, especially something unusual or unpleasant. E.g. I could tell something was up by the looks on their faces. What's up? (= What is the matter?) What's up with him? He looks furious. Is anything up? You can tell me. (In North American English 'What's up?' can just mean ‘What's new?’ or ‘What's happening?’ There may not be anything wrong).

bear bore borne (used with can/ could in negative sentences and questions) to be able to accept and deal with something unpleasant. Stand. Bear something The pain was almost more than he could bear. She couldn't bear the thought of losing him. Bear doing something I can't bear having cats in the house. He can't bear being laughed at. Bear to do something He can't bear to be laughed at. How can you bear to eat that stuff? Bear somebody doing something I can't bear you doing that.

compose:  /kəmˈpəʊz/ to manage to control your feelings or expression. E.g. compose yourself Emma frowned, making an effort to compose herself. Compose something I was so confused that I could hardly compose my thoughts.

heir: /eə(r)/ a person who has the legal right to receive somebody's property, money or title when that person dies. E.g. heir (to something) to be heir to a large fortune. The heir to the throne (= the person who will be the next king or queen). Heir (of somebody) The son and heir of the Earl of Lancaster.

but: (adv) only. E.g. I don't think we'll manage it. Still, we can but try. There were a lot of famous people there: Tom Hanks and Julia Roberts, to name but two.

choke:  /tʃəʊk/ to be unable to breathe because the passage to your lungs is blocked or you cannot get enough air; to make somebody unable to breathe. E.g. She almost choked to death in the thick fumes. He was choking on a piece of toast. Very small toys can choke a baby.


Ex 4B
KEY

l PW 



2 A 



3 C 



4 C 



5A 



6C 



7W 



8W 

Ex 5
come into something [no passive] to be left money by somebody who has died. E.g. She came into a fortune when her uncle died.


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