ORAL PRESENTATION SKILLS : The STRUCTURE
ORAL PRESENTATION SKILLS : The middle or the body
What information should you give in your speech? All your information should support purpose. In most cases you will have to limit the content, as time is usually precious!
How much information should you give? Enough to clearly develop your ideas. Don't forget to illustrate through examples. I.2.C
Sequencing your ideas.
Whatever sequencing you choose, the headings should be all of the same grammatical form. I.2.D Keeping the audience's attention The beginning and the end or the first and last parts are what listeners will remember the most. Think of ways you can keep the audience's attention throughout the rest of the speech. (See Creating Interest)
Signposting or signalling where you are.
Just as when you are driving along a road that you don't know very well you depend on signs to guide you, you need to guide the listener by using expressions to tell him/her where you are going. That is to say, first announce what you are going to say (give an example, reformulate etc.) and then say what you want to say.
This is very like verbal punctuation. Indicating when you have finished one point and go on to the next. It is redundant in text but very advantageous in oral presentations. It may be useful also to pause, change your stance and the pitch of your voice as you move from one part of your presentation to another.
This can be
Linking ideas, sections/making transitions
Indicate the end of one section and the beginning of the next.
If there are alternative ways of looking at a topic or proposal outline them to show you are familiar with different ways of dealing with the situation.
If what you are dealing with demands a comparison of strengths and weaknesses indicate clearly the different aspects and underline the points you feel are important or secondary.
Here are further examples of expressions that you can use in different circumstances
ORAL PRESENTATION SKILLS : The end or conclusion
The end or the conclusion of your talk should include four parts
NB The end of a talk should never come as a surprise to an audience but needs special consideration.
Signposting the end of your talk.
This may take the form of a recapitulation of the main points.
or there may be recommendations or proposals that you wish to make;
Above all when you conclude do not do it abruptly or as if surprised to get to the end of your talk.
You may at this point wish to distribute a vocabulary list or more detailed information that you wish to make available.
More ideas on how to deliver a monologue HERE