Sunday, 29 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 90. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 1A
1 The reason I've come

2 It was when I was reading that book

3 What most impresses me

4 One thing I've learned is that

5 The person who

6 What you should do is

7 All I want to say

8 What they do

Ex 2A
1 unwind /ˌʌnˈwaɪnd/ unwound, unwound /ˌʌnˈwaʊnd/ to begin to relax after you have been working hard or feeling nervous. To stop worrying or thinking about problems and start to relax. E.g. Music helps me unwind after a busy day. I need to sit down and unwind for half an hour.

2 let
let your hair down (informal) to relax and enjoy yourself, especially in a lively way. E.g.  It's about time you let your hair down and had some fun! We need a place where young folk can let their hair down and enjoy themselves.

3 mind 
take your mind off something to make you forget about something unpleasant for a short time. Distract. E.g. Painting helped take her mind off her troubles. A good night out will help you take your mind off exams.

4 out
hang out (informal) to spend a lot of time in a place. E.g. The local kids hang out at the mall. She knew all the clubs where he usually hung out.

5 down
slow down live or work less actively or intensely. e.g. You must slow down (= work less hard) or you'll make yourself ill. I wasn’t feeling well and had to slow down

6 off
switch off (informal) to stop thinking about something or paying attention to something. E.g. When I hear the word ‘football’ I switch off (= because I am not interested in it). The only time he really switches off (= stops thinking about work, etc.) is when we're on vacation.

Ex 3A
1 stranded 
strand somebody to leave somebody in a place from which they have no way of leaving. E.g. The strike left hundreds of tourists stranded at the airport. 

2 escape 
escape /ɪˈskeɪp/ to get away from an unpleasant or dangerous situation. E.g. people trying to escape poverty. She managed to escape from the burning car.

3 released
release to let somebody/something come out of a place where they have been kept or trapped. E.g. to release a prisoner/ hostage. The authorities had recently released two political prisoners.  The hostages are due to be released at 2 pm today. Firefighters took two hours to release the driver from the wreckage. He was released from prison in July. 

captor: a person who captures a person or an animal and keeps them as a prisoner. E.g. The hostages were treated well by their captors.

ransom: money that is paid to somebody so that they will set free a person who is being kept as a prisoner by them. E.g. The kidnappers demanded a ransom of £50000 from his family. Ransom demand/ note. Ransom money. They are refusing to pay ransom for her release.

4 made a break
make a break for something/for it to run towards something in order to try and escape. E.g. He suddenly leapt up and made a break for the door. They decided to make a break for it (= to try and escape) that night.  He made a break for the exit.

5 refuge
refuge: /ˈrefjuːdʒ/ shelter or protection from danger, trouble, etc. E.g. A further 300 people have taken refuge in the US embassy. They were forced to seek refuge from the fighting. As the situation at home got worse she increasingly took refuge in her work. Residents took refuge from the bombing in the local church.

6 fled
flee fled fled: to leave a person or place very quickly, especially because you are afraid of possible danger. E.g. a camp for refugees fleeing from the war. He fled to London after an argument with his family. He was caught trying to flee the country. The driver had already fled the scene of the accident.

Ex 3B
Suggested answers: 
1 You decide to flee the country.
2 You decide to make a break for it. 

3 You take refuge in the cave until the storm passes. 

Ex 5A
1. up to a point. 

2. That's ridiculous! 

3. I couldn't agree more.

4. I suppose you've got a point,

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