Saturday, 28 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 89. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 6C
After this, he walked a while.
No sooner had he got in than he realised ....
Once he'd got the engine going, he drove.
Having waited so patiently, he ...

Ex 6D

at or near the beginning of a story:
Once upon a time
in the middle of a story:
After this, he ... 
No sooner had he [done this] than ... [this happened]
Once he'd [done this], he ...
Having [done this], he ....
at or near the end of a story:
And the moral of the story is ... , And he lived happily ever

confine somebody/something (in something) /kənˈfaɪn/ [usually passive] to keep a person or an animal in a small or closed space. Sp. confinar. E.g. Keep the dog confined in a suitable travelling cage. Here the river is confined in a narrow channel. The soldiers concerned were confined to barracks (= had to stay in the barracks, as a punishment).

shovel: /ˈʃʌvl/ a tool with a long handle and a broad blade with curved edges, used for moving earth, snow, sand, etc. E.g. workmen with picks and shovels (North American English) The children took their pails (buckets) and shovels to the beach.

ignition: /ɪɡˈnɪʃn/ the electrical system of a vehicle that makes the fuel begin to burn to start the engine; the place in a vehicle where you start this system. Sp. arranque. E.g. to turn the ignition on/ off. To put the key in the ignition.

fiddle (with something) to keep touching or moving something with your hands, especially because you are bored or nervous. Sp. toquetear, manosear. He was fiddling with his keys while he talked to me.

scara mark that is left on the skin after a wound has healed. E.g. a scar on his cheek. Will the operation leave a scar?

rust if metal rusts or something rusts it, it becomes covered with rust (a reddish-brown substance that is formed on some metals by the action of water and air). Corrode. E.g. old rusting farming implements.

Ex 7A 
wrinkled: /ˈrɪŋkld/ (of skin, clothing, etc.) having wrinkles. Sp. arrugado. E.g. She kissed his wrinkled face. A wrinkled piece of brown paper.

glisten: /ˈɡlɪsn/ to shine. E.g. Her eyes were glistening with tears.

wrap something (up) (in something) to cover something completely in paper or other material, for example when you are giving it as a present. E.g. He spent the evening wrapping up the Christmas presents. Individually wrapped chocolates.

rough: /rʌf/ having a surface that is not even or regular. E.g. rough ground. The skin on her hands was hard and rough.

Ex 8A
glance: + adverb/preposition to look quickly at something/ somebody. E.g. She glanced at her watch.

pull over: (of a vehicle or its driver) to move to the side of the road in order to stop or let something pass. E.g. She saw the ambulance coming up behind her and pulled over.

stiffwhen a person is stiff, their muscles hurt when they move them. E.g. I'm really stiff after that bike ride yesterday. I've got a stiff neck.

rough: /rʌf/ having a surface that is not even or regular. E.g. rough ground. The skin on her hands was hard and rough.

bark: the outer covering of a tree.

overcome somebody to be extremely strongly affected by something. E.g. she was obviously overcome with excitement. Her parents were overcome with grief at the funeral. Overcome by curiosity, the boy looked through the window.

stir: /stɜː(r)/ to move, or to make somebody move, in order to do something. E.g. You haven't stirred from that chair all evening!

ring out: to be heard loudly and clearly. E.g. A number of shots rang out. His deep voice rang out for all to hear. The songs of the birds rang out from the branches overhead.

overhead: above your head; in the sky. E.g. Planes flew overhead constantly. Thunder boomed in the sky overhead.

dig, dug, dug to make a hole in the ground.

scrabble (around/about) (for something)| + adverb/preposition to try to find or to do something in a hurry or with difficulty, often by moving your hands or feet about quickly, without much control. Sp. escarbar, revolver. E.g. She scrabbled around in her bag for her glasses. A sound like rats scrabbling on the other side of the wall. In his panic, he began scrabbling at the lock. The kids scrabbled up the slope.

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