“The Lady with the Lamp”
A “Florence Nightingale” is a name used to refer to a devoted and highly efficient nurse. This might seem (1)______________ USUAL if one does not know who Florence was but her name has become an eponym in the English language. She was a (2)_____________ COURAGE English woman who changed the history of the (3)____________ NURSE profession. Her rich parents used to spend their holidays abroad and she was named after the Italian city of Florence where she was born. They thought she would wed a (4)_________ WEALTH man like so many girls of her day and age. But young Florence rebelled against their wishes and by the age of 24 she had made up her mind to become a nurse. Back in those days, working as a nurse was not a (5)___________ RESPECT professional activity for a young lady from the upper-classes. In 1850 Florence travelled to a small town on the Rhine called Kaiserswerth where a young (6)_________ PROTEST pastor called Rev. Theodor Fliedner had organized professional training for nurses at “The Institution of Kaiserswerth”. In 1851 she trained and got her (7) __________ QUALIFY there because educational facilities of that nature were (8)__________ EXIST as such in England at that time. Florence Nightingale became Fliedner's most famous student. Upon her return she worked in a London hospital and became an expert on hygiene. When the Crimean War broke out in 1854 she took 36 volunteer nurses and her housekeeper to the military hospital in Scutari. They encountered (9)_______ HYGIENE and poorly (10)___________ EQUIP hospitals as they tried to nurse the wounded British soldiers. She was dubbed “The Lady with the Lamp”. When Florence returned she was a national heroine. She met Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and told them about her war experiences. Her (11)____________ RECOMMEND were sent to the “Royal Commission” after the war. In 1859 Florence published a book called “Notes on Nursing”. It was very popular and it sold millions of copies. In 1860 she founded the Nightingale Training School for nurses. Florence’s (12)_______ DEVOTE to those in most need have made the profession what it is today. In 1907 she was awarded the Order of Merit by King Edward VII. She was the first woman in the (13)_________ KING to receive this honour. She died in 1910 at the age of 90. She was a (14)___________ REMARK Victorian woman and her great (15)______________ ACHIEVE can still be felt today.
eponym: /ˈepənɪm/ a person or thing, or the name of a person or thing, from which a place, an invention, a discovery, etc. gets its name. E.g. the medical term Parkinson's disease is a medical eponym, named after the English physician, James Parkinson.
Respectable: considered by society to be acceptable, good or correct. E.g. a highly respectable neighbourhood. A respectable married man. Go and make yourself look respectable.
Qualification: (countable, usually plural) (British English) an exam that you have passed or a course of study that you have successfully completed. E.g. academic/ educational/ professional/ vocational qualifications. A nursing/ teaching, etc. qualification. He left school with no formal qualifications. To acquire/ gain/ get/ obtain/ have/ hold qualifications. In this job, experience counts for more than paper qualifications.
8 non- existent/ Inexistent
Remarkable: unusual or surprising in a way that causes people to take notice. E.g. a remarkable achievement/ career/ talent. She was a truly remarkable woman.
Achievement a thing that somebody has done successfully, especially using their own effort and skill. E.g. the greatest scientific achievement of the decade. It was a remarkable achievement for such a young player. They were proud of their children's achievements.