Saturday, 21 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 82. Anger. Extra Word Formation



We've all felt anger at some time, whether as faint (0) annoyance or blind rage. Anger is a normal, sometimes useful human emotion, but uncontrolled outbursts of temper can be (1) …………………………………. (destroy). People who give free rein to their anger, (2) …………………………………. (regard) of the offence this may cause, haven't learned to express themselves constructively,’ says Martin Smolik, who runs weekend (3) …………………………………. (residence) courses in anger management. 'It is important to maintain your (4) …………………………………. (compose) and put your case in on assertive, not aggressive, manner without hurting others. Being assertive doesn't mean being pushy or demanding; it means being (5) …………………………………. (respect) of yourself and other people.' He adds that people who are (6) …………………………………. (easy) angered are intolerant of frustration, (7) …………………………………. (convenient) or irritation and, not surprisingly, find (8) …………………………………. (relate) to other people very difficult. But what causes people to behave like this? It seems there is evidence to support the idea that some children may be born (9) …………………………………. (irritate) and prone to anger and this tendency is sometimes apparent from a very early age. However, research also suggests that a person's family (10) …………………………………. (ground) may have an influence. Very often, people who are quick-tempered come from disorganized and disruptive families who find it difficult to express their emotions.

Answer the questions:

1. What’s your recipe for anger management?
2. Can anger ever be beneficial?

KEY

- Faint: 1 Sp. débil;‹noise› (Sp. apenas perceptible); that cannot be clearly seen, heard or smelt: E.g. a faint smell of perfume  2 very small; possible but unlikely. ‹hope/smile› (Sp. ligero) SYN slight: E.g. There is still a faint hope that she may be cured. They don’t have the faintest chance of winning.

- rage: a feeling of violent anger that is difficult to control. (Sp. furia, rabia, colera)

- outburst: (Sp. arrebato) a sudden strong expression of an emotion: e.g. an outburst of anger. She was alarmed by his violent outburst.

1 destructive


- to give free rein to, Sp. dar rienda suelta a.



2 regardless


 
3 residential
- residential: ‹course› (Sp. con alojamiento para los asistentes): (of a job, a course, etc.) requiring a person to live at a particular place; offering living accommodation: e.g. a residential language course. A residential home for the elderly. Residential care for children.



4
composure 
- composure: (Sp. compostura): the state of being calm and in control of your feelings or behaviour: e.g. to keep / lose / recover / regain your composure.

- assertive: expressing opinions or desires strongly and with confidence, so that people take notice. (Sp. firme y enérgico): e.g. You should try and be more assertive.

- pushy: trying hard to get what you want, especially in a way that seems rude (Sp. prepotente, agresivo): e.g. a pushy salesman.

- demanding: (Sp. exigente) (of a person) expecting a lot of work or attention from others; not easily satisfied: e.g. a demanding boss / child.


 
5 respectful 



6 easily



7 inconvenience



8 relating



9 irritable
- prone to: (Sp. propenso a) likely to suffer from sth or to do sth bad. E.g. prone to injury. Working without a break makes you more prone to error. Tired drivers were found to be particularly prone to ignore warning signs.



10 background 
- background: the details of a person’s family, education, experience etc.: e.g. a person’s family / social / cultural / educational / class background. The job would suit someone with a business background.

- quick-tempered: likely to become angry very quickly (Sp. irascible): e.g. a quick-tempered woman.

- disruptive: causing problems, noise, etc. so that sth cannot continue normally (Sp. perjudicial): e.g. She had a disruptive influence on the rest of the class.

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