Friday, 20 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 81. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 3B

1 What police didn't initially realise was that the man standing in front of them was john Darwin, 'the missing canoe man'.

2 It was only when he failed to arrive at work for a night shift that the alarm was raised.

3 What he did then was spend the next few years hiding inside the house and rarely leaving.

4 It was a colleague of Anne Darwin's who eventually put the pieces of the puzzle together.

p 141
Ex 1 

1 The reason he lost his job was that he kept breaking the rules.

2 It was only when he left the theatre that he recognised her.

3 What I want to do is persuade them to come with us.

4 All I worry about/I'm worried about is whether she will have enough money.

5 What is amazing is that they have such a fantastic range of spices.

Ex 2 
a) What elections have done is give these people their first real opportunity to decide who will govern them.

b) The thing that has given these people their first real opportunity to decide who will govern them is the elections.

c) It's the elections that have given these people their first real opportunity to decide who will govern them.

a) It was the airports, roads and rail systems that suffered widespread disruption due to the heavy snow and severe weather.

b) It was heavy snow and severe weather that caused widespread disruption to the country's airports, roads and rail systems.

c) What caused disruption to the country's airports, roads and rail systems was the heavy snow and severe weather.

a) What caused students to march through the city centre in protest were the new laws.

b) The reason hundreds of students marched through the city centre was to protest against the new laws.

c) What happened was hundreds of students marched through the city centre to protest against the new laws.

Ex 4
1 What I don't understand is why Anne Darwin didn't tell her sons about their father.

2 The place where they planned to start a new life was Panama.

3 It was the photograph of the couple buying a house in Panama that revealed the deception.

4 The thing that she couldn't understand was why Anne had decided to emigrate to Panama.

5 The reason why John Darwin flew back to the UK from Panama was that he was missing his sons.

6 What he found difficult was coming to terms with what his parents had done.
come to terms with something: to accept something unpleasant by learning to deal with it. E.g. She is still coming to terms with her son's death.

Ex 6A

1 b
trap somebody (+ adverb/preposition) to keep somebody in a dangerous place or bad situation that they want to get out of but cannot. E.g. Help! I'm trapped! They were trapped in the burning building. We became trapped by the rising floodwater. He was trapped in an unhappy marriage. I feel trapped in my job.

2 d
strand somebody to leave somebody in a place from which they have no way of leaving. E.g. The strike left hundreds of tourists stranded at the airport.

3 f
escape /ɪˈskeɪp/ to get away from an unpleasant or dangerous situation. E.g. people trying to escape poverty. She managed to escape from the burning car.

4 a
flee fled fled: to leave a person or place very quickly, especially because you are afraid of possible danger. E.g. a camp for refugees fleeing from the war. He fled to London after an argument with his family. He was caught trying to flee the country. The driver had already fled the scene of the accident.

5 h
release to let somebody/something come out of a place where they have been kept or trapped. E.g. to release a prisoner/ hostage. The authorities had recently released two political prisoners.  The hostages are due to be released at 2 pm today. Firefighters took two hours to release the driver from the wreckage. He was released from prison in July.

6 g
make a break for something/for it to run towards something in order to try and escape. E.g. He suddenly leapt up and made a break for the door. They decided to make a break for it (= to try and escape) that night.  He made a break for the exit.

7 e
hatch something (up) to create a plan or an idea, especially in secret. E.g. Have you been hatching up a deal with her? He hatched a plan with Matt to sell things on the Internet.

escape: /ɪˈskeɪp/ (N)
escape (from something) the act or a method of escaping from a place or an unpleasant or dangerous situation. E.g. an escape from a prisoner of war camp. I had a narrow escape (= I was lucky to have escaped). There was no hope of escape from her disastrous marriage. He took an elaborate escape route from South Africa to Britain. Make sure you are aware of possible escape routes from your hotel room. Our escape route was blocked. As soon as he turned his back, she would make her escape. The prisoners spent much of their time together hatching an escape plan. The escape plan was simple

8 c 
air raid: an attack by a number of aircraft dropping many bombs on a place. Sp ataque aéreo. E.g. The family was killed in an air raid. An air-raid shelter/ warning.

refuge: /ˈrefjuːdʒ/ shelter or protection from danger, trouble, etc. E.g. A further 300 people have taken refuge in the US embassy. They were forced to seek refuge from the fighting. As the situation at home got worse she increasingly took refuge in her work. Residents took refuge from the bombing in the local church.

Ex 6B
1 stranded 

2 trapped 
malfunctionto fail to work correctly. E.g. He was killed when his parachute malfunctioned. Malfunctioning body cells.

make a break for it

4 an escape plan 

5 fled 
call out: to shout something, especially when you are trying to get someone's attention. E.g.  Hands up, please – don't call out.  'In here!' she called out. I tried to call out to him through the window.

6 released 
Ex 6C
capture: to catch a person or an animal and keep them as a prisoner or in a confined space. E.g.
Allied /ˈælaɪd/ troops captured over 300 enemy soldiers. The animals are captured in nets and sold to local zoos.

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