Thursday, 19 December 2013

Speakout Advanced p 80. Keys and Vocabulary

Warm upYou are locked in a room with two doors. One leads to a dungeon and the other leads to freedom. You don 't know which is which. There are two prison guards, one guarding each door, and they will let you choose only one door to open and walk through. You can ask one question to one of the guards. However, one guard always lies, and the other always tells the truth. You don't know which is which. What question do you ask?

dungeona dark underground room used as a prison, especially in a castle. Sp. mazmorra, calabozo. E.g. Throw him into the dungeons!

You ask: "If I asked the other guard which door leads to freedom, what would he say?" Then open the other door.

Part 1
Ex 1A
claim: to say that something is true although it has not been proved and other people may not believe it. E.g.:
claim (that)… He claims (that) he was not given a fair hearing. 
claim (somebody/something) to be/do something I don't claim to be an expert.
claim something Scientists are claiming a major breakthrough in the fight against cancer.
it is claimed that… It was claimed that some doctors were working 80 hours a week.

amnesia:  /æmˈniːziə/ a medical condition in which somebody partly or completely loses their memory.

recollection /ˌrekəˈlekʃn/ the ability to remember something; the act of remembering something. E.g.:
recollection (of doing something) I have no recollection of meeting her before.
recollection (of something) My recollection of events differs from his. 
To the best of my recollection(= if I remember correctly) I was not present at that meeting.

whereabouts /ˈweərəbaʊts/ the place where somebody/ something is. E.g. His whereabouts are/ is still unknown.

canoe: /kəˈnuː/

launch something: /lɔːntʃ/ to start an activity, especially an organized one. E.g. to launch an appeal/ an inquiry/ an investigation/ a campaign. To launch an attack/ invasion.

spot: to see or notice a person or thing, especially suddenly or when it is not easy to do so. E.g. spot somebody/something I finally spotted my friend in the crowd. I've just spotted a mistake on the front cover. Can you spot the difference between these two pictures? Her modelling career began when she was spotted at the age of 14. Spotting the disease early can save lives. Spot somebody/ something doing something Neighbours spotted smoke coming out of the house. Spot that… No one spotted that the gun was a fake. Spot what, where, etc… I soon spotted what the mistake was.

paddle: to move a small boat through water using a paddle. E.g. We paddled downstream for about a mile. We paddled the canoe along the coast.

paddle: (N) a short pole with a flat wide part at one or both ends, that you hold in both hands and use for moving a small boat, especially a canoe, through water.

fail: to not be successful in achieving something. Many diets fail because they are boring. E.g. fail in something I failed in my attempt to persuade her. Fail to do something She failed to get into art college. 

shift: a period of time worked by a group of workers who start work as another group finishes. E.g. to be on the day/ night shift at the factory. To work an eight-hour shift. Working in shifts. Shift workers/ work.

alarm: a loud noise or a signal that warns people of danger or of a problem. She decided to sound the alarm (= warn people that the situation was dangerous). I hammered on all the doors to raise the alarm (warn people that something bad is happening). By the time the alarm was raised the intruders had escaped. 

extensively: /ɪkˈstensɪvli/ covering a large area. E.g. a spice used extensively in Eastern cooking. She has travelled extensively.

to little/no avail (formal) /əˈveɪl/ with little or no success. E.g. The doctors tried everything to keep him alive but to no avail.

of little/no avail (formal) of little or no use. E.g. Your ability to argue is of little avail if the facts are wrong.

shatter: to suddenly break into small pieces; to make something suddenly break into small pieces. Shatter (into something) He dropped the vase and it shattered into pieces on the floor. The sound of shattering glass. Shatter something (into something) The explosion shattered all the windows in the building.

wash something up: to carry something onto land. E.g. The body was found washed up on a beach. Cargo from the wrecked ship was washed up on the shore. 

Cargo: /ˈkɑːɡəʊ/ the goods carried in a ship or plane. E.g. The tanker began to spill its cargo of oil. A cargo ship.

presume: /prɪˈzjuːm/ to accept that something is true until it is shown not to be true, especially in court. E.g. presume somebody/ something + adjective Twelve passengers are missing, presumed dead. In English law, a person is presumed innocent until proved guilty. Presume something We must presume innocence until we have proof of guilt. Presume somebody/ something to be/ have something We must presume them to be innocent until we have proof of guilt.

inquest: /ˈɪŋkwest/ an official investigation to find out the cause of somebody's death, especially when it has not happened naturally. E.g. An inquest was held to discover the cause of death. Inquest (on/ into something) a coroner's inquest into his death. At the inquest they heard that the car had driven off after the accident.

coroner: /ˈkɒrənə(r)/ an official whose job is to discover the cause of any sudden, violent or suspicious death by holding an inquest.

record something| record that… to make an official or legal statement about something. E.g. The coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death.

verdict: /ˈvɜːdɪkt/ verdict (on something/somebody) a decision that you make or an opinion that you give about something, after you have tested it or considered it carefully. E.g. The coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death.

open verdict: an official decision in a British court stating that the exact cause of a person's death is not known. E.g. After the inquest, the coroner recorded an open verdict.

trace: a mark, an object or a sign that shows that somebody/ something existed or was present. Sp. rastro. E.g. It's exciting to discover traces of earlier civilizations. Police searched the area but found no trace of the escaped prisoners. Years of living in England had eliminated all trace of her American accent. The ship had vanished without (a) trace.

thrilled: very excited and pleased. E.g. thrilled (about/ at/ with something) He was thrilled at the prospect of seeing them again. Thrilled (to do something) I was thrilled to be invited. Thrilled (that…) (British English) She was thrilled to bits (= extremely pleased) that he'd been offered the job.‘Are you pleased?’ ‘I'm thrilled.’

sell up/ sell something up (especially British English) to sell your home, possessions, business, etc, usually because you are leaving the country or retiring. E.g. Ernest sold up and retired. The owners are selling up to a property developer and will retire rich.

elation: /iˈleɪʃn/ a feeling of great happiness and excitement. E.g. She felt a great sense of elation as she started on the journey. Richard’s elation at regaining his health was short-lived.

launch something: /lɔːntʃ/ to start an activity, especially an organized one. E.g. to launch an appeal/ an inquiry/ an investigation/ a campaign. To launch an attack/ invasion.

Part 2
Ex 1C
Suggested answers: 
1 He was tanned because he had been living in Panama.

2 He'd pushed his canoe out to sea.

3 He had been hiding in his house for most of the time, but later travelled to Greece and Panama.

4 His deception was uncovered and he and his wife were sent to prison.
deception: /dɪˈsepʃn/ the act of deliberately making somebody believe something that is not true (= of deceiving them)E.g. He was accused of obtaining property by deception.

turn out (used with an adverb or adjective, or in questions with how) to happen in a particular way; to develop or end in a particular way. Sp. resultar. E.g. Despite our worries everything turned out well. You never know how your children will turn out. + adjective If the day turns out wet, we may have to change our plans.

pretence: /prɪˈtens/ the act of behaving in a particular way, in order to make other people believe something that is not true. Sp. engaño. E.g. She was unable to keep up the pretence that she loved him. She said she was really pleased to see us, but I could tell it was just a pretence. She kept up the pretence that her husband was dead to her friends. We tried to keep up the pretence that everything was fine.

estate: a large area of land, usually in the country, that is owned by one person or family. E.g. a 3000-acre estate. She receives rent from all the people whose cottages are on estate land.

suspicious /səˈspɪʃəs/
suspicious (of/about somebody/something) feeling that somebody has done something wrong, illegal or dishonest, without having any proof. E.g. They became suspicious of his behaviour and contacted the police. A suspicious look. You have a very suspicious mind (= you always think that people are behaving in an illegal or dishonest way).

put the pieces of the puzzle together (also put the pieces together or also piece something together) to understand a story, situation, etc. by taking all the facts and details about it and putting them together. Slowly make sense of something from separate pieces of evidence. E.g. I'm going to try to put the pieces of the puzzle together in a way that will hopefully help you understand the sequence of the events that are involved here. Like a detective, she eventually put the pieces together. Daniel had pieced the story together from the radio. Police are trying to piece together the last hours of her life. The account of their journey has been pieced together from personal letters and diaries. 

overhear: to hear, especially by accident, a conversation in which you are not involved. E.g. overhear somebody/ something We talked quietly so as not to be overheard. I overheard a conversation between two boys on the bus.

serve something to spend a period of time in prison. E.g. prisoners serving life sentences. She is serving two years for theft. He has served time (= been to prison) before.
do time (informal) to spend time in prison. E.g. he was doing time for fraud
 ill-gained Obtained in an evil manner or by dishonest means. E.g. Bankers will give back ill-gained bonuses, don't you think?

asset: /ˈæset/ a thing of value, especially property, that a person or company owns. E.g. Her assets include shares in the company and a house in France.

claim: to say that something is true although it has not been proved and other people may not believe it. E.g. claim (that)… He claims (that) he was not given a fair hearing.

scam: a clever and dishonest plan for making money. Sp. estafa, fraude, timo. E.g. an insurance scam.

Ex 2A
1 financial difficulties (debts).

2 hiding in the next door house when people visited, rarely leaving the house and changing his appearance.

3 start a new life, running a hotel business selling canoe holidays.

4 a colleague of Anne's who had become suspicious.

5 were sent to prison and their assets were taken from them.

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