Thursday, 7 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 38. Keys and Vocabulary

Warm up
1 Which city was Samuel Johnson describing when he said that when a man is tired of it, he is tired of life?
2 Which city was founded over 2,000 years ago on seven hills?
3 Which city has a famous statue of Christ overlooking a bay?
4 Which city is famous for its opera house and large harbour?
5 Which city has a large square with St. Basil’s Cathedral and the GUM department store?
6 In which city would you find gondolas?
7 In which city would you find a huge square and a section called ‘The Forbidden City’?
8 What is the capital city of Australia?


1 London 

2 Rome 

3 Rio de Janeiro 

4 Sydney

5 Moscow 

6 Venice 

7 Beijing 

8 Canberra

Ex 1B
Environmental Psychology:  is an interdisciplinary field focused on the interplay between humans and their surroundings.

team up (with somebody): to join with another person or group in order to do something together. E.g. he teamed up with the band to produce the disc.

loiter: stand around somewhere for no clear reason. Hang around. E.g. Teenagers were loitering in the street outside.

catch on: become popular, of an idea. E.g. He invented a new game, but it never really caught on.

Dip: (of a level or amount) become lower or smaller, typically temporarily. E.g. the president’s popularity has dipped. Audiences dipped below 600,000 for the match.
pickpockets people who steal from your pockets

clutter: a lot of things, not stored in a tidy way.  E.g. There's always so much clutter on your desk! There was a clutter of bottles and tubes on the shelf.

navigate: /ˈnævɪɡeɪt/ to find your position or the position of your ship, plane, car etc. and the direction you need to go in, for example by using a map. E.g. to navigate by the stars. I'll drive, and you can navigate. Navigate your way… How do you navigate your way through a forest?

commute /kəˈmjuːt/ to travel regularly by bus, train, car, etc. between your place of work and your home. E.g. She commutes from Oxford to London every day. He spent that year commuting between New York and Chicago.

real time: the actual time during which a process or event occurs. [as modifier] Computing relating to a system in which input data is processed within milliseconds so that it is available virtually immediately as feedback to the process from which it is coming, e.g. in a missile guidance system: real-time missile guidance systems.

Ex 2A

1 amenities 
 amenity: /əˈmiːnəti/ a feature that makes a place pleasant, comfortable or easy to live in. E.g. The campsite is close to all local amenities. Many of the houses lacked even basic amenities(= baths, showers, hot water, etc.).

2 infrastructure 
infrastructure: the basic systems and services that are necessary for a country or an organization to run smoothly, for example buildings, transport and water and power supplies. E.g. the social and economic infrastructure of a country.

3 abandonment
abandonment: the act of leaving a person, thing or place with no intention of returning. E.g. their childhood abandonment by their mother. She had a feeling of utter abandonment and loneliness

run-down: in very bad condition; that has not been taken care of.

undergo something: to experience something, especially a change or something unpleasant. E.g. to undergo tests/ trials/ repairs. My mother underwent major surgery last year. Some children undergo a complete transformation when they become teenagers.

regeneration: the action or process of regenerating or being regenerated. E.g. the regeneration of inner cities. Economic regeneration. The regeneration of cells in the body.

4 congestion, 
congestion: the state of being crowded and full of traffic. E.g. traffic congestion and pollution

toll: money that you pay to use a particular road or bridge. E.g. motorway tolls. A toll road/ bridge.

Ex 2B


congestion comes from congest

abandonment comes from abandon

regeneration comes from generate  

Ex 3A
The idea is to introduce ‘cycle hubs’ in the city centre. The speaker proposes getting everyone together to discuss the advantages and disadvantages.

Hub: the central and most important part of a particular place or activity. E.g. the commercial hub of the city. The kitchen was the hub of family life. To be at the hub of things (= where things happen and important decisions are made). A hub airport (= a large important one where people often change from one plane to another). A cycle hub (a social enterprise that promotes and facilitates cycling).

Ex 3B

1 five 

2 bicycle 

3 centre 

4 safer 

5 cheap

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