Wednesday, 6 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 37. Word Formation. Prefixes. Nouns. Extra Speaking

A. Have a conversation as natural as possible with a partner about the topic. Use the pictures above and the questions below to help you.

  1. What are the drawbacks of not being able to speak English?
  2. What is the downside of being a teacher?
  3. Do you ever play background music while studying for an exam? If so, what kind of music do you like listening to? If not, why not?
  4. Are you prone to outbursts of temper? If not, do you know anyone who is? What is the cause of their temper outbursts?
  5. Have you ever got drenched during a heavy downpour?
  6. Do you think a sharp upturn in property prices is likely to happen soon in Spain? Do you think the recession is on its way to being over and an upturn in the economy is to be expected soon?
  7. Do you know anyone who lives on a very low income? Do you think children who are from low-income housing circumstances run the risk of educational under-achievement? Why? / Why not?
  8. Have there been any disease outbreaks in the aftermath of a natural disaster recently?
Student A
  1. Can you think of any books, films or documentaries that provide insight into the industrial revolution / the appearance of man on earth / the Russian revolution / Spanish geography / the Secession War / the Spanish Civil  War / Education in the sixties / Shakespeare?
  2.  Can you predict the final outcome of the next elections?
  3.  Do you think the Spanish government might suffer a serious setback in the following general elections?
Student B
  1. What is the state of Spain’s industrial output these days?
  2. Have you had a very strict upbringing or were your parents lenient?     
  3. Was there a law and order breakdown in Chile after the earthquake? Can you remember any instances of law and order breakdowns in recent history?

Drawback: a disadvantage or problem that makes something a less attractive idea. Sp. Inconveniente. E.g. the main drawback to it is the cost. This is the one major drawback of the new system.

Downside: the disadvantages or less positive aspects of something. Sp. Inconveniente, desventaja Opposite: upside. E.g. On the downside, it is expensive. What's the downside of your idea?, Sp. ¿cuál es el lado negativo de tu propuesta?

Outburst: a sudden strong expression of an emotion. E.g. an outburst of anger. Arrebato.

Downpour: a heavy fall of rain that often starts suddenly.Sp. Aguacero, tromba de agua.
E.g. a sudden downpour had filled the gutters and drains.

drench: to make sb/sth completely wet

Upturn: a situation in which something improves or increases over a period of time. Sp. Mejora. Opposite: Downturn (Sp. bajón). E.g. an upturn in the economy. A sharp upturn in the number of tourists visiting the capital. Their fortunes have taken an upturn. The restaurant trade is on the upturn.

Outbreak: the sudden start of something unpleasant, especially violence or a disease. Sp. Brote, estallido, comienzo. E.g. the outbreak of war. An outbreak of typhoid. Outbreaks of rain are expected in the afternoon.

Insight (into something): an understanding of what something is like. Sp. Conocimiento de alguna cosa. E.g. the book gives us fascinating insights into life in Mexico. I hope you have gained some insight into the difficulties we face.

Outcome: the result or effect of an action or event. E.g. we are waiting to hear the final outcome of the negotiations.

Setback: a difficulty or problem that delays or prevents something, or makes a situation worse. Sp. Contratiempo, revés. E.g. the team suffered a major setback when their best player was injured. The breakdown in talks represents a temporary setback in the peace process. Synonym: Upset: a situation in which there are problems or difficulties, especially when these are unexpected: e.g the company has survived the recent upset in share prices.

Output: the amount of something that a person, a machine or an organization produces. Producción. E.g. manufacturing output has increased by 8%.

Upbringing: the way in which a child is cared for and taught how to behave while it is growing up. Sp. Educación, crianza.  E.g. to have had a sheltered upbringing. He was a Catholic by upbringing.

lenient: not as strict as expected when punishing sb or when making sure that rules are obeyed. E.g. The judge was far too lenient with him.
Breakdown: a failure of a relationship, discussion or system. Sp. Ruptura, fallo. E.g. the breakdown of a marriage. Marriage breakdown. A breakdown in communications. The breakdown of the negotiations was not unexpected. The breakdown of law and order

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