Friday, 15 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 46. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 9A
The teacher's system of punishments appealed to the children's sense of justice.
We have been denied justice for too long.
Justice must be done in every case.
So far the robbers have escaped justice.
He spent twenty years in prison as a result of a miscarriage of justice. (a situation in which a court makes a wrong decision, especially when somebody is punished when they are innocent) 
Pervert the course of justice: to tell a lie or to do something in order to prevent the police, etc. from finding out the truth about a crime. E.g. She was charged with perverting the course of justice after admitting to burning vital evidence.
Bring somebody to justice: to arrest somebody for a crime and put them on trial in court. E.g.
everything will be done to bring those responsible to justice.
The criminal justice system.

Ex 9B
1. brought to justice
2. criminal justice
3. escape justice
4. uphold justice
uphold something 
1 to support something that you think is right and make sure that it continues to exist. E.g. We have a duty to uphold the law. We are determined to uphold the law. The regime has been criticized for failing to uphold human rights. 
2 uphold something (especially of a court of law) to agree that a previous decision was correct or that a request is reasonable. E.g. to uphold a conviction/ an appeal/ a complaint. Three judges unanimously upheld the sentence.
5. demanding justice
6. rough justice
treatment that is not scrupulously fair or in accordance with the law. E.g. He saw it as rough justice when he got food poisoning from the stolen meat.  It was rough justice that they lost in the closing seconds of the game.

Ex 9C
Because they’re lexical chunks.  
chunka phrase or group of words which can be learnt as a unit by somebody who is learning a language. Examples of chunks are ‘Can I have the bill, please?’ and ‘Pleased to meet you’.

Ex 9D
1 a kind of 

2 It’s up to 

3 take the law into your own hands 

4 It’s imperative that 

5 in the vicinity

Ex 10A
Both films involve someone being convicted of a crime they didn’t commit.

unjustly accused unfairly, for something they haven’t done
vehemently /ˈviːəməntli/  (very strongly) protests 
host of somebody/something a large number of people or things. E.g. a host of possibilities
witness someone who sees a crime
strain: pressure on somebody/something because they have too much to do or manage, or something very difficult to deal with; the problems, worry or anxiety that this produces. E.g. Their marriage is under great strain at the moment.
ordeal (of something/of doing something) /ɔːˈdiːl/ a difficult or unpleasant experience. E.g. They are to be spared the ordeal of giving evidence in court. The hostages spoke openly about the terrible ordeal they had been through. The interview was less of an ordeal than she'd expected. They have suffered a terrible ordeal.
viciously /ˈvɪʃəsli/ (violently) murdered 
charge: to accuse somebody formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in court. E.g. Several people were arrested but nobody was charged. 
convict: to decide and state officially in court that somebody is guilty of a crime. E.g. a convicted murderer. 
brutal murder very violent
on the run trying to escape from the law 
perpetrator: a person who commits a crime or does something that is wrong or evil. E.g. the perpetrators of the crime. We will do everything in our power to bring the perpetrators to justice.

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