Friday, 29 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 60. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 3B
make somebody/something out: to manage to see somebody/ something or read or hear something. Distinguish. E.g. I could just make out a figure in the darkness. Cities can be made out from space, especially at night. Make out what, who, etc… I could hear voices but I couldn't make out what they were saying.

restaurateur /ˌrestərəˈtɜː(r)/ a person who owns and manages a restaurant. E.g. Caesar salad is named after Caesar Cardini, a  restaurateur.

sleet: /sliːt/ a mixture of rain and snow. Sp. aguanieve. E.g. The rain was turning to sleet. 

blizzard: /ˈblɪzəd/ a snowstorm with very strong winds. Sp. ventisca. E.g. blizzard conditions. The blizzard struck the north-east yesterday, causing serious damage. A raging (very powerful) /howling (very violent, with strong winds) blizzard.

slush: /slʌʃ/ partly melted snow that is usually dirty. Sp. nieve medio derretida, aguanieve. E.g. In the city the clean white snow had turned to grey slush. 

powder: a dry mass of very small fine pieces. E.g. The snow was like powder. 

Ex 3C

1 cannot be seen, can be made out 

2 had the dish named 

3 is claimed 

4 is processed 

5 isn’t expected to change 

Ex 3D

a) 4 

b) 3 

c) 2 

d) 1 

e) 5 

p 137
Ex 1A
1 The case is being investigated by the police. 

2 You are allowed to borrow a car for official business. 

3 Mike is having his washing machine delivered today. 

4 It is claimed (that) the tradition began in the nineteenth century. 

5 Wilhelm might have been recognised. 

6 She had the players stretch before the game. 

7 Our luggage is being checked in right now.

8 The product has only been tested on volunteers.

Ex 1B 
Because we want to emphasise the action rather than the doer.
1, 2, 4 and 8 might be formal written English.

Ex 2 
1 It is said 

2 These secrets need to be kept 

3 what can be done 

4 brainwashing was considered 

5 it was discovered 

6 certain memories could be erased

Ex 4
1 is believed/thought 

2 his wallet stolen. 

3 was being fixed 

4 should be taken 

5 needs to be done 

6 have been seen 

Ex 5
1 has been passed on 

2 OK or It isn’t known

3 it has been attributed 

4 OK 

5 The fear of the number thirteen is known 
 triskaidekaphobia /ˌtrɪskaɪˌdekəˈfəʊbiə/ fear of the number 13.

6 thirteen is considered 

7 OK or This superstition can be seen 

8 the number thirteen is omitted

9 the house between number 12 and 14 is given the number 12½ 

10 the unlucky number four is often omitted

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