Saturday, 16 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 47. The Environment. Extra Vocabulary Exercise



            
1.- Use these words to complete the sentences:

waste – protect – pollution – factory – recycled – emissions – damage - environmentalists

1. During the last hundred years we have done great……..to the environment.
2. There’s a large chemical……..in our town which has polluted the river twice in the last year.
3. The Government is very worried about the ……..of our rivers and beaches.
4. A lot of household……..like bottles and newspapers can be……..and used again.
5…………are furious with the American Government for delaying measures which will reduce greenhouse gas………
6. There are lots of things we can all do to ……..the environment.
     
2.- What causes the damage.
Use these words to complete the sentences:

exhaust fumes - toxic waste – emissions -  pesticides – deforestation - crops

1. The Government is introducing strict new rules on the dumping of …………. by industry.
2. Farmers contribute to environmental damage by spraying …….. with …………. which stay in the soil for years.
3. ………….. from factories in northern Germany affect the environment in large parts of Scandinavia.
4. Tropical rainforests have always helped to keep the environment in balance but recent ………… means they no longer absorb as much carbon dioxide as they used to.
5. …….. from cars and other vehicles cause a great deal of damage to the environment. 


3.- Match the numbers with the letters to make common expressions:

1. global
2. greenhouse
3. ozone
4. acid

a. rain
b. warming
c. effect
d. layer


4. Now use the phrases in the following sentences:  
1.- The gradual rise in the Earth's temperature is known as ______________.
2.- When heat gets trapped in the Earth's atmosphere, it is known as the ________________.
3.- Scientists have found holes in the ____________________, particularly over Antarctica.
4.- Rain mixed with toxic chemicals from factories is known as _______________.

5.- Global warming
Use these words to complete the text:

floods -  radiation -  Ice caps - sea level  - oceans – climate – deserts - gases

Scientists have shown that the temperature on Earth is increasing by 0.1º every ten years. That's one degree every century. The (1)__________  that are produced by factories and cars are allowing more (2)_________ from the sun to reach Earth. In the future this will have very serious consequences for humanity.
As the Earth gets hotter, the Arctic and Antarctic (3)__________ will slowly melt and the level of the (4)_________ will rise. A recent report says that the (5)__________ will rise by 70 metres over the next hundred years, causing (6)__________ in many low-lying parts of the world.
There will be (7)__________ changes, too. Some areas will become wetter while others will become much drier. Some areas which today are green and fertile will eventually turn into (8)_________. Tropical diseases like malaria will become common in areas where today they are unknown.

6.- Environmental Problems
Use these expressions to complete the text.

natural habitats – in danger of extinction – long-term – natural resources – way of life – indigenous people – destruction – future generations

The (1)__________ of the rainforest is very worrying. Thousands of acres of forest are being cut down every year and the (2)_____________ of many animals are being destroyed. As a result, many species are (3)___________________________.
This, in turn, threatens the traditional (4)_____________ of many of the (5)______________ who live in some of the most remote areas of our planet. As with most environmental issues, we need to think more (6)__________ and realise that everything we do has implications for (7)___________________.
If we want to hand on our world to our children and grandchildren, we simply can't continue to misuse the world's (8)_________________ as we are at the moment.

7. Do the same with this text:

heavily polluted – uninhabitable – cloud of pollution – air quality

The (9)__________ in many of the world's largest cities is so poor that we have seen an enormous increase in chest and lung illnesses such as asthma. These cities are (10)____________ and some are permanently covered by a (11)______________. Unless we begin to take the problems more seriously and start to do something about them, many of our biggest cities, particularly in the developing world will become (12)____________.

8.- Protecting the Environment
Match a word on the left with a word on the right to make common expressions:




1. unleaded                                           a. bank

2. public                                                b. friendly 
3. recycling                                           c. energy

4. bottle                                                d. point
5. environmentally                                e. transport
6. renewable                                         f. petrol


9. If you want to protect the environment, here are some things you should do. Use the expressions above.

1.- Make sure your car runs on ________________ and your home uses sources of renewable energy.
2.- Use ______________ instead of taking your car.
3.- Take glass, paper and plastic to a _____________________.
4.- Buy _________________________ products whenever possible.

10.- Green Politics
Use a dictionary to fill the gaps below:
noun                                       adjective                                              person
environment                        ______________                                   _____________
ecology                                  _____________                                   ______________
  
11. Conservationists. Campaign to protect the environment.

In most countries there are political parties which aim to protect the environment - the Green Party or the Ecology Party, for example. Greenpeace is . an international group that protests against anything which is a threat to the environment, like dumping nuclear waste and, more recently, growing genetically modified crops.

Are you worried about the environment?What worries you most? Why? What do you do to help protect it? Write a paragraphs answering  the questions.
  
12.- Natural Disasters
Use the following words in the definitions below:

forest fire – hurricane – tornado – earthquake – flood – drought – volcano – tidal wave

1.- ___________: a long period with little or no rain.
2.- ____________: a sudden violent movement of the surface of the earth, caused by the shifting of the earth's tectonic plates.
3.- ____________: when huge areas of woodland are alight, often caused by someone carelessly throwing a cigarette from a car.
4.-  _______________: when an area of land which is usually dry becomes covered in water, often forcing people to leave their homes
5.- ______________: very strong circular winds which suck things up into them .
6.- ________________: a huge wave which builds up in the sea over thousands of miles.
7.- ________________:  a very powerful storm, often at sea.
8.- _________________: a large mountain which erupts from time to time and sends rocks up into the air and molten rock pours down the side.

13. Now use the words in these sentences:

9. Mount Vesuvius near Naples is one of the most famous ____________ in the worId.
10. Many parts of sub-Saharan Africa suffer from ____________.
11. Many low-lying parts of England suffer from ______________ after prolonged periods of rain in the winter.
12. San Francisco and Tokyo are both situated right in the middle of dangerous ________________ zones.

14.- Describing Disasters
Now match each of the following descriptions with one of the disasters above:

1. This year's crop has been lost. The land here is so dry now that farmers are unable to grow anything. All the waterholes have dried up and there are dead animals everywhere.________________

2. The water level has been rising steadily since the river burst its banks this morning and the area is now under two metres of water. __________________   

3. Along the path of the twister cars were lifted hundreds of metres into the air. One caravan ended up half a mile from where it had been.      ______________

4. Lava poured down the side of the mountain destroying everything in its path and the village is now buried under a carpet of ash. _____________

5. The tremor, measuring 6 on the Richter scale, only lasted for four seconds but it was enough to cause large cracks in several roads. ___________________  

6. A small fishing village was the worst hit. A thirty-metre wall of water swept up the beach destroying nearly thirty houses along the seafront. ________________

7. Helicopters are spraying the blaze from the air, and fire crews are working round the clock to set up firebreaks to prevent it spreading further. ______________

8. Roofs were blown off buildings and trees were ripped out by their roots in winds gusting up to 120mph.  ______________________

15. Now complete these sentences with words and phrases from above:

a. The river __________ its banks.
b. The tremor only ___________for four seconds.
c. The lava destroyed everything in its __________.
d. Fire crews are working round the ____________.
e. Buildings had their roofs ____________ off.
f. Trees were ______________ out by their roots.

KEY
1.
1. During the last hundred years we have done great damage to the environment.



2. There's a large chemical factory in our town which has polluted the river twice in the last year.



3. The Government is very worried about the pollution of our rivers and beaches.



4. A lot of household waste like bottles and newspapers can be recycled and used again.



5. Environmentalists are furious with the American Government for delaying measures which will reduce  greenhouse gas emissions.



6. There are lots of things we can all do to protect the environment.


2. 

1.- The Government is introducing strict new rules on the dumping of toxic waste by industry.



2.- Farmers contribute to environmental damage by spraying crops  with pesticides which stay in the soil for   years



3.-  Emissions from factories in northern Germany affect the environment in large parts of Scandinavia.



4. Tropical rainforests have always helped to keep the environment in balance but recent deforestation means they no longer absorb as much carbon dioxide as they used to.



5. Exhaust fumes from cars and other vehicles cause a great deal of damage to the environment.


3. 

1. global warming
 


2. greenhouse effect
 


3. ozone layer
 


4. acid rain


4.

1.- The gradual rise in the Earth's temperature is known as global warming.



2.- When heat gets trapped in the Earth's atmosphere, it is known as the greenhouse effect.



3.- Scientists have found holes in the ozone layer, particularly over Antarctica.



4.- Rain mixed with toxic chemicals from factories is known as acid rain.


5.
Scientists have shown that the temperature on Earth is increasing by 0.1º every ten years. That's one degree every century. The (1) gases that are produced by factories and cars are allowing more (2) radiation from the sun to reach Earth. In the future this will have very serious consequences for humanity.
As the Earth gets hotter, the Arctic and Antarctic (3) ice caps will slowly melt and the level of the (4) oceans will rise. A recent report says that the (5) sea level will rise by 70 metres over the next hundred years, causing (6) floods in many low-lying parts of the world.
There will be (7) climate changes, too. Some areas will become wetter while others will become much drier. Some areas which today are green and fertile will eventually turn into (8) deserts. Tropical diseases like malaria will become common in areas where today they are unknown.

6.
The (1) destruction of the rainforest is very worrying. Thousands of acres of forest are being cut down every year and the (2) natural habitats of many animals are being destroyed. As a result, many species are (3) in danger of extinction.

This, in turn, threatens the traditional (4) way of life of many of the(5) indigenous people who live in some of the most remote areas of our planet. As with most environmental issues, we need to think more (6) long-term and realise that everything we do has implications for (7) futures generations.

If we want to hand on our world to our children and grandchildren, we simply can't continue to misuse the world's (8) natural resources as we are at the moment.


7. 
The (9) air quality in many of the world's largest cities is so poor that we have seen an enormous increase in chest and lung illnesses such as asthma. These cities are (10) heavily polluted and some are permanently covered by a (11) cloud of pollution. Unless we begin to take the problems more seriously and start to do something about them, many of our biggest cities, particularly in the developing world will become (12) uninhabitable.


8.

1. unleaded  petrol                                         


2. public  transport                                                


3. recycling point                                         


4. bottle bank  
bottle bank: a large container in a public place where people can leave their empty bottles so that the glass can be used again (= recycled); a public place with several of these containers.                                             


5. environmentally friendly                                


6. renewable energy                                        



9. 

1.- Make sure your car runs on unleaded petrol and your home uses sources of renewable energy.


2.- Use public transport instead of taking your car.


3.- Take glass, paper and plastic to a recycling point.


4.- Buy environmentally friendly products whenever possible.


10.
noun                                       adjective                                              person

environment                         environmental                                 environmentalist



ecology                                  ecological                                            ecologist


12.

1.- drought: a long period with little or no rain.



2.- earthquake: a sudden violent movement of the surface of the earth, caused by the shifting of the earth's tectonic plates.



3.- forest fire: when huge areas of woodland are alight, often caused by someone carelessly throwing a cigarette from a car.


4.-  flood: when an area of land which is usually dry becomes covered in water, often forcing people to leave their homes


5.- tornado: /tɔːˈneɪdəʊ/ very strong circular winds which suck things up into them .


6.- tidal wave: a huge wave which builds up in the sea over thousands of miles.


7.- hurricane:  a very powerful storm, often at sea.


8.- volcano: a large mountain which erupts from time to time and sends rocks up into the air and molten rock pours down the side.

13.

9. Mount Vesuvius near Naples is one of the most famous volcano in the worId.


10. Many parts of sub-Saharan Africa suffer from drought



11. Many low-lying parts of England suffer from flooding after prolonged periods of rain in the winter.



12. San Francisco and Tokyo are both situated right in the middle of dangerous earthquakes zones.


14. 

1. This year's crop has been lost. The land here is so dry now that farmers are unable to grow anything. All the    waterholes have dried up and there are dead animals everywhere. Drought



2. The water level has been rising steadily since the river burst its banks this morning and the area is now under two metres of water. Flood    



3. Along the path of the twister cars were lifted hundreds of metres into the air. One caravan ended up half a mile from where it had been.      tornado
twister: a violent storm that is caused by a powerful spinning column of air. Tornado


4. Lava poured down the side of the mountain destroying everything in its path and the village is now buried under a carpet of ash. Volcano



5. The tremor, measuring 6 on the Richter scale, only lasted for four seconds but it was enough to cause large cracks in several roads.  earthquake



6. A small fishing village was the worst hit. A thirty-metre wall of water swept up the beach destroying nearly thirty houses along the seafront. Tidal wave



7. Helicopters are spraying the blaze from the air, and fire crews are working round the clock to set up firebreaks to prevent it spreading further. Forest fire
firebreak: a thing that stops a fire from spreading, for example a special door or a strip of land in a forest that has been cleared of trees.
round the clock: lasting or happening all day and night


8. Roofs were blown off buildings and trees were ripped out by their roots in winds gusting up to 120mph.  Hurricane


15.

a. The river burst its banks.


b. The tremor only lasted for four seconds.


c. The lava destroyed everything in its path.


d. Fire crews are working round the clock.


e. Buildings had their roofs blown off.


f. Trees were ripped out by their roots. 
rip: rip something + adv./prep. to remove something quickly or violently, often by pulling it. E.g. He ripped off his tie. The carpet had been ripped from the stairs. Half of the house was ripped away in the explosion.


 

Related links:
PDF

Hot potatoes Exercises

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: only a member of this blog may post a comment.