Tuesday, 5 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 36. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 4A
1 a huge open plan call centre
good: within walking distance of home
bad: feels poky because everyone is crammed together even though it’s a big area, very noisy because everyone is talking at once, gets quite chaotic

2 a conservatory at home
good: lots of light and space, nice to be at home and near amenities, she can meet her neighbours in her breaks, near the kitchen for mealtimes, she has a view of the garden
bad: gets cold in winter

Ex 4B
Speaker 1: open plan, all crammed up, somewhere nice to hang out, it gets quite chaotic

Speaker 2: one drawback, a stone’s throw away, a little haven of tranquillity

open plan: an open-plan building or area does not have inside walls dividing it up into rooms. E.g. an open-plan office.
weird: /wɪəd/ very strange or unusual and difficult to explain. E.g. a weird dream. She's a really weird girl. He's got some weird ideas. It's really weird seeing yourself on television. The weird and wonderful creatures that live beneath the sea.
airy: /ˈeəri/ with plenty of fresh air because it is large or has a lot of windows. E.g. the office was light and airy.  
poky /ˈpəʊki/ too small and not very pleasant or comfortable. Cramped. E.g. a poky little room.
cram: to push or force somebody/something into a small space; to move into a small space with the result that it is full. E.g. He crammed eight people into his car. I could never cram in all that she does in a day. I bought a large basket and crammed it full of presents.
hang out: to spend a lot of time in a place.E.g. The local kids hang out at the mall.
Hard sell: a method of selling that puts a lot of pressure on the customer to buy. E.g. Their salesmen are trained to go for the hard sell.
roomy large with a lot of space inside it.
chilly: too cold to be comfortable. E.g. It's chilly today. I was feeling chilly.
a stone's throw: a very short distance away. E.g. We live just a stone's throw from here. The hotel is within a stone's throw of the beach.
catch up on: to find out about things that have happened. E.g. We spent the evening catching up on each other's news.
chit-chat: conversation about things that are not important. E.g. We spent the afternoon in idle chit-chat.
haven: /ˈheɪvn/ a place that is safe and peaceful where people or animals are protected. E.g. The hotel is a haven of peace and tranquility. The river banks are a haven for wildlife. The camp offers a haven to refugees.

Ex 5

Chaos: /ˈkeɪɒs/ a state of complete confusion and lack of order. E.g. economic/ political/ domestic chaos. E.g. Heavy snow has caused total chaos on the roads. The house was in chaos after the party. The country was thrown/ plunged into chaos by the President's death.
talker: /ˈtɔːkə(r)/ a person who talks in a particular way or who talks a lot. E.g. a brilliant talker. She's a (great) talker (= she talks a lot). He's more a talker than a doer (= he talks instead of doing things).

Ex 6A

1 who do creative work is a defining relative clause.

Defining relative clauses give essential information about a noun. 

2 none of whom were bad people is a non-defining relative clause.

Non-defining relative clauses give extra information about a noun.

Ex 6B

1 Most people who do creative work

2 none of whom were bad people

3 anywhere I feel comfortable, warm and relaxed

4 at which point I decided to work from home

5 on which I sit every day

6 whose major characteristic is brightness

Ex 6 C


a) 5

b) 4

c) 6

d) 2

e) 3

f ) 1

Ex 6 D

1 It is possible to use that instead of who, where, when, etc. in defining relative clauses. 

2 These are non-defining relative clauses. Non-defining relative clauses always use a comma before them. 

3 Where has been omitted from the sentence. This is possible because we can omit the relative
pronoun if it is the object of the verb. 

p 133
Ex 1

2 of 

3 where 
seedy: /ˈsiːdi/ dirty and unpleasant, possibly connected with immoral or illegal activities. E.g. a seedy bar. The seedy world of prostitution. A seedy-looking man.

dive: a bar, music club, etc. that is cheap, and perhaps dark or dirty. E.g. The band played in every smoky dive in town.

4 whose 

5 about
haunt: /hɔːnt/ a place that somebody visits often or where they spend a lot of time. E.g. The pub is a favourite haunt of artists. 

6 whose
decor: /deɪkɔː(r)/ the style in which the inside of a building is decorated. E.g. interior decor. The restaurant's elegant new decor. Choosing the furniture and decor for their new home was an exciting project.

peel (off) (of a covering) to come off in strips or small pieces. E.g. The wallpaper was beginning to peel.

7 where 

8 which 

9 time 

10 on 
dissertation (on something): /ˌdɪsəˈteɪʃn/ a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one written for a university degree. A dissertation on the novels of the Brontë sisters. He had considered writing his doctoral dissertation on Kant.

conceive: /kənˈsiːv/ to form an idea, a plan, etc. in your mind; to imagine something. E.g. the project was originally conceived in 1977.  He conceived the idea of transforming the old power station into an arts centre. I cannot conceive (= I do not believe) (that) he would wish to harm us.
I cannot conceive what it must be like.

11 whom 

Ex 2
1 There were lots of children there, all of whom sang really well. 

2 The fire alarm went off, at which point the lesson ended. 
go off: if an alarm, etc.goes off, it makes a sudden loud noise.

3 That’s the woman whose house we stayed in. 

4 The person from whom I learned the most is Clare. 

5 You may get a scholarship, in which case you won’t need to pay. 

6 There are two photocopiers in the office, both of which are out of order.

Ex 7
1 a) 

2 c) 
run-down: in very bad condition; that has not been taken care of. E.g. run-down inner-city areas.

3 a) 
overlook: /ˌəʊvəˈlʊk/ if a building, etc.overlooks a place, you can see that place from the building. E.g. a restaurant overlooking the lake. Our back yard is overlooked by several houses.
secluded: /sɪˈkluːdɪd/ quiet and private; not used or disturbed by other people. E.g. a secluded garden/ beach/ spot, etc.
off the beaten track: far away from other people, houses, etc. E.g. They live miles off the beaten track.

4 b) 
yearly: happening once a year or every year. E.g. Pay is reviewed on a yearly basis.

5 b) 

6 c) 

7 b) 

8 b)

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