Friday, 1 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 32. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 1A
KEY
1. shabby, dilapidated, in a bad state: run-down

run-down: in very bad condition; that has not been taken care of. Neglected. E.g. run-down inner-city areas. A run-down Edwardian villa.

neglected: /nɪˈɡlektɪd/ not receiving enough care or attention. E.g. neglected buildings. The garden was neglected and overgrown.

shabby: /ˈʃæbi/ in poor condition because they have been used a lot. E.g. The outside of the house was beginning to look shabby.

dilapidated: /dɪˈlæpɪdeɪtɪd/ old and in very bad condition. Ramshackle. E.g. old, dilapidated buildings.

ramshackle /ˈræmʃækl/ in a very bad condition and needing repair. Tumbledown. E.g. a ramshackle house.

tumbledown: old and in a poor condition so that it looks as if it is falling down. Dilapidated. E.g. tumbledown cottages.



2. calm, quiet, peaceful: tranquil

calm: /kɑːm/ E.g. The city is calm again (= free from trouble and fighting) after yesterday's riots. The sea looks much calmer today.

tranquil: /ˈtræŋkwɪl/ quiet and peaceful. E.g. a tranquil scene. A tranquil village.



3. stunning, breathtaking: magnificent

stunning: E.g. a stunning view of the lake

breathtaking: E.g. a breathtaking view of the mountains. The scene was one of breathtaking beauty.

magnificent: E.g. The Taj Mahal is a magnificent building.



4. old, historic: ancient  

ancient: /ˈeɪnʃənt/ very old; having existed for a very long time. E.g. ancient monuments. Ancient forests.



5. unchanged, not altered by tourism:  unspoilt

unchanged: /ʌnˈtʃeɪndʒd/

unspoilt: /ˌʌnˈspɔɪlt/ (also unspoiled /ˌʌnˈspɔɪld/) beautiful because it has not been changed or built on. E.g. unspoiled countryside.



6. busy, full of people and noise: bustling

bustling: /ˈbʌslɪŋ/ full of people moving about in a busy way. A bustling place is full of noise and activity and is usually pleasant and interesting. E.g. a bustling city. The bustling little town. Bustling with something The market was bustling with life.



7. beautiful, lovely, pretty, attractive, pleasant: picturesque

picturesque /ˌpɪktʃəˈresk/ pretty, especially in a way that looks old-fashioned. Quaint. E.g. a picturesque cottage/setting/village.

quaint: /kweɪnt/ attractive in an unusual or old-fashioned way. E.g. A quaint seaside village. The quaint village of Deià.



8. empty, uninhabited:  deserted

deserted: /dɪˈzɜːtɪd/ with no people in it. E.g. deserted streets. Magaluf is completely deserted in the winter.



Ex 1B

KEY

1 bustling 



2 magnificent 



3 ancient 



4 unspoilt 


Ex 2A

KEY

Readers of the BBC Lonely Planet Magazine. 


Ex 2B

KEY

1 A 



2 C 



3 B

Ex 2C

KEY

1 in a long-tail boat



2 the driver took them on a detour, the boys showed off their diving



3 the Malecón is a long sea road with lots of dilapidated old buildings in front of it. Habaneros get together there at the weekends and relax and enjoy themselves



4 waves crashing against the sea wall, the sunset and the car



5 They are built in caves.



6 He felt humbled knowing that his hotel room once housed a family of ten and their livestock.

Vocabulary
1.
plunge: /plʌndʒ/ an act of jumping or diving into water; a quick swim. E.g. He took the plunge into the deep end. She went for a plunge.

long-tail boat



reservoir: /ˈrezəvwɑː(r)/ a natural or artificial lake where water is stored before it is taken by pipes to houses, etc.

Burmese: /ˌbɜːˈmiːz/ 

detour: /ˈdiːtʊə(r)/ a longer route that you take in order to avoid a problem or to visit a place. E.g. We had to make a detour around the flooded fields. It's well worth making a detour to see the village. The driver took us on a detour to Thailand's longest wooden bridge.

cut or cut off [transitive] to stop the supply of something, or to stop something working. E.g. The accident had cut the oxygen to her brain.  All lines of communication had been cut.  Could you cut the engine for a minute? 


idle: /ˈaɪdl/  walk slowly and with no particular purpose. E.g. They idled along by the river.

bombing: /ˈbɒmɪŋ/

seize an opportunity/chance to act quickly in order to use an opportunity that may not be available later. E.g.seize the day (make the most of the present moment). Seize the moment.

showcase: exhibit; display. E.g. the albums showcase his production skills. Jack found a film role that showcased all his talents.

plunge in/ plunge into something to jump into something, especially with force. E.g. The pool was declared open and eager swimmers plunged in.

impromptu: /ɪmˈprɒmptjuː/ done without preparation or planning. Improvised. E.g. an impromptu speech. They often held impromptu meetings in their house.

embody: /ɪmˈbɒdi/ to express or represent an idea or a quality. 

spontaneity:  /ˌspɒntəˈneɪəti/

vibrancy /ˈvaɪbrənsi/ excitement

2.
lay out: to plan how something should look and arrange it in this way. E.g. The gardens were laid out with lawns and flower beds. A well-laid-out magazine.

front: /frʌnt/ to face something or be in front of something; to have the front pointing towards something. E.g. front something The cathedral fronts the city's main square.  Front onto something The line of houses fronted straight onto the road.

disrepair: /ˌdɪsrɪˈpeə(r/ a building, road, etc. that is in a state of disrepair has not been taken care of and is broken or in bad condition. E.g. The station quickly fell into disrepair after it was closed. The buildings were in various states of disrepair.

hang out: (informal) to spend a lot of time in a place. E.g. The local kids hang out at the mall.

fingerprint: a distinctive identifying characteristic. E.g. The Malecón is the unique fingerprint of Habana.

swell: the slow, regular movement of the sea when it rises and falls without the waves breaking. E.g. The boat was caught in a heavy (= strong) swell. There was a heavy swell.

crash: to hit something hard while moving, causing noise and/or damage; to make something hit somebody/something in this way. E.g. + adverb/preposition A brick crashed through the window. Waves crashing against the sea wall.

barely: /ˈbeəli/ in a way that is just possible but only with difficulty. E.g. He could barely read and write. The music was barely audible. She was barely able to stand. We barely had time to catch the train.

peep: + adverb/preposition to be just visible. E.g. The tower peeped above the trees. The sun peeped out from behind the clouds.

Pontiac /ˈpɒntiæk/ was an automobile brand established in 1926 as a companion make for General Motors' Oakland. 

draw: + adverb/preposition to move in the direction mentioned. E.g. The train drew into the station. The train drew in. The figures in the distance seemed to be drawing closer. Their car drew alongside ours. (figurative) Her retirement is drawing near. (figurative) The meeting was drawing to a close.

shutter: the part of a camera that opens to allow light to pass through the lens when you take a photograph. E.g. the quiet click of the shutter. I waited until the car drew closer before pressing the shutter.

capture something to succeed in accurately expressing a feeling, an atmosphere, etc. in a picture, piece of writing, film/movie, etc. E.g. The article captured the mood of the nation. This picture captures the essence of Havana.

photogenic /ˌfəʊtəʊˈdʒenɪk/ looking attractive in photographs. E.g. I'm not very photogenic. A photogenic child.

3.

still: not moving; calm and quiet. E.g. still water. Keep still while I brush your hair. The kids found it hard to stay still. Can't you sit still? We stayed in a village where time has stood still (= life has not changed for many years).

sight of somebody/something the act of seeing somebody/something. E.g. After ten days at sea, we had our first sight of land. I have been known to faint at the sight of blood. The soldiers were given orders to shoot on sight (= as soon as they saw somebody). She caught sight of a car in the distance. The mere sight of him makes me want to scream.

set: a collection of scenery, stage furniture, and other articles used for a particular scene in a play or film. E.g. We need volunteers to help build and paint the set.

jumble (of something): /ˈdʒʌmbl/ an untidy or confused mixture of things. E.g. a jumble of books and paper. The essay was a meaningless jumble of ideas.

stacked: arranged in a pile. If a surface is stacked with objects, there are large numbers or piles of them on it. E.g. a table stacked with glasses. Shelves stacked with files. Logs stacked up against a wall.

Tumble (down): to fall suddenly and in a dramatic way. E.g. The scaffolding came tumbling down. (figurative) World records tumbled at the last Olympics.
 
ravine: /rəˈviːn/ a deep, very narrow valley with steep sides. Sp. barranco, garganta. E.g. The track continued along the bottom of the ravine.

humble somebody: to make somebody feel that they are not as good or important as they thought they were. E.g. He was humbled by her generosity. A humbling experience.  We feel humbled by our local community's generosity and support.

dwelling: a house, flat/apartment, etc. where a person lives. E.g. The development will consist of 66 dwellings and a number of offices.


livestock:  /ˈlaɪvstɒk/ the animals kept on a farm, for example cows or sheep. E.g. markets for the trading of livestock.


Ex 3A

snapshot (also snap) [countable] 1. a photograph, especially one taken quickly. E.g. holiday snaps. 2.
a brief look or summary. E.g. this excellent book can only be a snapshot of a complex industry. The book gives a snapshot of life in the US military after Vietnam.

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