Wednesday, 6 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 37. Extra Word Formation Exercise 1

1. When I was young I used to _________ (BEHAVE) a lot at school. I was always getting into trouble!
2 The history of my country is very ____________ (INTEREST). It seems nothing exciting
has ever happened there!
3 In my country there are a lot of ____________ (GOVERN) organisations which help
the poorest people.
4 In the future I plan to study for a ______________ (GRADUATE) degree. It will be useful for my PhD.
5 I think a lot of football players these days behave ___________ (RESPONSIBLE) in their private lives. They should set a good example for children both on and off the pitch.
6 I think it's very important to be ____________ (ACTIVE) in your work. You can't just wait for opportunities to come about on their own.
7 I think that nowadays we ___________ (ESTIMATE) the importance of celebrities in society. They're not as important as we make them out to be.
8 Many parts of my hometown have started to _________ (GENERATE) in recent years - in some places the buildings are falling apart.
9 To say my country has had an interesting history would be an ___________ (STATE) . It's had quite a colourful past!
10 I think it's important to be _____________ (CONFORM) . You shouldn't just be like everyone else.
11 One of the biggest problems in my country these days is __________ (NUTRITION) mainly because there aren't enough different types of food available. Tired, ___________  (NOURISH) people are prone to infection.
12 Some of the damage we have caused to the world through pollution is _________ (REVERSE). We may never be able to go back to how things were in the past.
13 There are some very old cities in my country. They even ____________ (DATE) the Roman Empire.
14 There have been several _____________ (GOVERN) protests in my country in recent years.
15 My life has been very ______________ (EVENT) recently. Nothing worth talking about has happened to me!
16 I really hate ______________ (POLITE) people. Manners don't hurt, and they don't cost anything!


KEY
1 misbehave



2 uninteresting



3 non-governmental



4 postgraduate



5 irresponsibly



6 proactive
proactive: /ˌprəʊˈæktɪv/ (of a person or policy) controlling a situation by making things happen rather than waiting for things to happen and then reacting to them. E.g. a proactive approach. Managers must be proactive in identifying and preventing potential problems.



7 overestimate
overestimate something to estimate something to be larger, better, more important, etc. than it really is. E.g. They overestimated his ability when they promoted him. The importance of these findings cannot be overestimated (= is very great). Opp: underestimate (to think or guess that the amount, cost or size of something is smaller than it really is. E.g. to underestimate the cost of the project. We underestimated the time it would take to get there. The statistics seriously underestimate the number of people affected.)
 
make somebody out: to understand somebody’s character




8 degenerate



9 understatement   
understatement: /ˈʌndəsteɪtmənt/ a statement that makes something seem less important, impressive, serious, etc. than it really is. E.g. To say we were pleased is an understatement (= we were extremely pleased). ‘These figures are a bit disappointing.’ ‘That's got to be the understatement of the year.’



10 non-conformist


11 malnutrition
malnutrition: /ˌmælnjuːˈtrɪʃn/ (n) a poor condition of health caused by a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food. Malnourishment /malˈnʌrɪʃm(ə)nt/.



malnourished/undernourished

malnourished /ˌmælˈnʌrɪʃt/ / undernourished /ˌʌndəˈnʌrɪʃt/ (ADJ.)  in bad health because of a lack of food or a lack of the right type of food. E.g. severely undernourished children.






12 irreversible 


13 pre-date


14 anti-government


15 uneventful
uneventful: in which nothing interesting, unusual or exciting happens. E.g. an uneventful life. The pregnancy itself was relatively uneventful.



16 impolite

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