Wednesday, 31 March 2010

Ready for CAE p 155. Attenborough Explains Easter Island. Extra Listening



DAVID ATTENBOROUGH ON EASTER ISLAND

1.When did the first Polynesian arrive on Easter Island?

2. What did the palm trees provide the Polynesian colonists with? What did this enable them to do?

3. When did they start building huge statuary?

4. What remains can be seen at the top of the 1000-foot high cliff?

5. Why were the frigate birds considered mysterious and sacred?

6. What can be found among the carvings of supernatural birds?

7. What lies offshore from Morongo?

8. What did the arrival of the birds symbolize?

9. What did the great man who had been presented with the egg do in the year following the race?

10. Who was this great man the representative of?

11. Where was he buried? What was put up in his memory?

12. Why did the islanders cut down the forests that covered the island?

13. What happened once they had cut down the last tree?

14. Why did war break out among clans?

VOCABULARY

Barren: unable to produce plants or fruit. Not productive. Yermo, baldío, estéril

Carving: a shape or pattern cut into wood or stone or the skill of doing this. Talla, escultura.

Fluke: (INFORMAL) Something good that has happened that is the result of chance instead of skill or planning. Casualidad.

Islet: a small island.

Offshore: Located at a distance from the shore. A poca distancia de la costa.

To be marooned: left in a place from which you cannot escape. Quedar aislado, abandonado.


KEY

DAVID ATTENBOROUGH ON EASTER ISLAND
1. When did the first Polynesian arrive on Easter Island?
1500 years ago
2. What did the palm trees provide the Polynesian colonists with? What did this enable them to do?
Timber (wood). To build canoes and fish
3. When did they start building huge statuary?
In the 10th century
4. What remains can be seen at the top of the 1000-foot high cliff?
50 odd stone houses that were once a great ritual centre
5. Why were the frigate birds considered mysterious and sacred?
Because the islanders never saw them come down from the skies. They never nested on the island and they got their food by stealing it from other birds in the air.
6. What can be found among the carvings of supernatural birds?
A staring mask with goggling eyes which the islanders say it represents the creator spirit Maki Maki
7. What lies offshore from Morongo?
Three small rocky islets
8. What did the arrival of the birds symbolize?
The renewal of fertility
9. What did the great man who had been presented with the egg do in the year following the race?
He lived in seclusion, fed by an attendant. He didn’t cut his hair or nails.
10. Who was this great man the representative of?
Of Maki Maki, the great creator god. The god of fertility.
11. Where was he buried? What was put up in his memory?
On a platform in his clan’s territory and a stone figure was put up in his memory to stand alongside those of his predecessors.
12. Why did the islanders cut down the forests that covered the island?
Because the numbers of people grew. In order to make fields and grow crops
13. What happened once they had cut down the last tree?
They lost the timber (wood) to make ocean going canoes. They were marooned on their island
14. Why did war break out among clans?
Because they were faced with starvation.

4 comments:

  1. Hi, thank you very much for posting this sources on the internet.
    I'm studying for the advance exam by myself, and I find there's not enough material provided by the EOI to study online.
    Thanks again.

    ReplyDelete
  2. I am glad it is working for you. I wish you good luck in your exams.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thank you so much, Tomeu for adding this nice post. It's wonderful so as to improving our listening capabilities and the cultural information is also very interesting.

    Pedro J. Romaguera.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thank you Pedro. I wish you good luck in your exams!!

    ReplyDelete

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