Saturday, 25 January 2014

Speakout Advanced p 117. Air Travel. Extra Vocabulary



Air travel
A flight made regularly according to a timetable: scheduled flight.
A flight in a plane hired for a particular purpose or a particular group of people: charter flight: I'm going to take a charter flight; it's much cheaper.
A plane that travels frequently between two places: shuttle: I'm catching the shuttle up to Edinburgh.
The amount of money you pay to travel by plane: (air) fare.
Bags, etc that you take with you onto a plane: hand luggage (AmE hand baggage)(noun U): Can I take my guitar as hand luggage?
Money that you have to pay for bags, etc that are heavier than the weight limit: excess baggage (charge): Will I have to pay excess baggage?
A place in an airport where you wait before getting on your plane: departure lounge.
To get on a plane: board: How much longer before we board?
A ticket that you need in order to board a plane: boarding card, boarding pass.
The person who is in charge of a plane: captain: This is your captain speaking.
All the people who look after the passengers on a plane: cabin crew (with singular or plural verb).
A person who looks after the passengers on a plane: flight attendant; a man who does this is also called a steward; a woman who does this is also called a stewardess, or air hostess.
The part of a plane where the passengers sit: cabin.
Fuselage: /ˈfjuːzəlɑːʒ/ the main part of an aircraft in which passengers and goods are carried. The part in which you sit as a passenger — is called the fuselage. Your luggage rides in the fuselage too. E.g. The fuselage was recovered on Sunday but the salvage team is still looking for the tail section, which contained the black box flight data recorder. Surrounding homes and shops were also destroyed: television pictures showed the fuselage of the plane lodged in a building, one of its wings detached.
The part of an airliner with the cheapest passenger seats: economy class (noun U); parts with more expensive seats: first class (noun U), business class (noun U), club class (noun U): I usually fly economy. A business-class seat.
Happening or provided during a journey on a plane: in-flight: In-flight movies.
Overhead compartment, airplane luggage compartment, overhead bin, overhead locker: a luggage compartment above the passenger seats for holding carry-on luggage in an airplane.
 On a plane you can get an aisle seat, a middle seat or a window seat: I definitely prefer the window seat. That way, I don't have to deal with people moving up and down the aisles or being crammed between two people I don't know. If I'm travelling with people I know, I don't mind the middle seat as much.
To get off a plane: disembark.
To stop for a short time on a plane journey: stop over; noun: stopover: We're planning to stop over in London. We had a two-hour stopover in Delhi on our way to Sydney.
A plane that leaves soon after another arrives and that takes you on the next part of your journey: connection: If this plane is late, I'll miss my connection in Dallas.
To change to a different plane during a journey: transfer: At Heathrow we transferred to a domestic airline.
A feeling of tiredness caused by travelling to a place where the local time is very different: jet lag (noun U); sb who suffers from this is jet-lagged.
All the people who work on a plane: crew (with singular or plural verb): The plane has a crew of seven.
The part of a plane where the pilots sit: cockpit.
To move slowly along the ground before take-off or after landing: taxi: The plane taxied up to the terminal building.
A long piece of ground with a hard surface where aircraft take off and land at an airport, etc: runway.
A tall airport building from where planes are controlled: control tower.
A person at an airport who gives radio instructions to pilots from the control tower: air traffic controller.
If an aircraft flies without using an engine, it glides.
The height of an aircraft above sea level: altitude.
An accident in a plane, etc: (plane) crash; verb: crash (sth).
To land an aircraft causing damage to it: crash-land (sth); the pilot or the aircraft crash-lands; noun: crash landing: He was forced to crash-land in a field. The plane ran out of fuel and had to make a crash-landing in the desert.
If a plane falls from the sky or lands in a place outside an airport, it comes down: The plane came down in the middle of a field.
Broken pieces of a plane, etc that has been badly damaged: wreckage (noun U): The rescuers managed to pull three survivors from the wreckage.
A plastic or rubber jacket filled with air that keeps sb floating in water: life jacket.
A thing that you put over your face to be able to breathe in an emergency in a plane: oxygen mask.
A piece of strong cloth that is tied to sb and that lets them fall slowly to the ground when they jump from a plane: parachute; to use a parachute: parachute: He parachuted safely to the ground.
Violent or uneven movement of air, making flight uncomfortable: turbulence (noun U).






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