Saturday, 28 November 2009

Ready for CAE p 44. The Perils of Pizza Making. Vocabulary

THE PERILS OF PIZZA MAKING


To turn out: to be discovered to be; to prove to be.

Topping: a layer of food that you put on top of a dish, cake, etc. to add flavour or to make it look nice.

Let alone: used after a statement to emphasise that because the first thing is not true or possible, the next thing cannot be true or possible either.

To toss: to shake or turn food in order to cover it with oil, butter, etc.

To roll out: to make sthg flat by pushing sthg over it

Rolling pin: a wooden or glass kitchen utensil (= a tool) in the shape of a tube, used for rolling pastry flat.

Dough: a mixture of flour, water, etc. that is made into bread and pastry.

Trainee: a person who is being taught how to do a particular job.

Sorry: [only before noun] very sad or bad, especially making you feel pity or disapproval.

To sigh: to take and then let out a long deep breath that can be heard, to show that you are disappointed, sad, tired, etc..

Craft: all the skills needed for a particular activity.

Craftsman: a skilled person, especially one who makes beautiful things by hand.

Stoker: a person whose job is to add coal or other fuel to a fire, etc., especially on a ship or a steam train.

Proceedings: [pl.] an event or a series of actions.

To struggle: to try very hard to do sthg when it is difficult or when there are a lot of problems.

Handful: the amount of sthg that can be held in one hand.

To press out: to make sthg flat or smooth by using force or putting sthg heavy on top.

Edge: the outside limit of an object, a surface or an area; the part furthest from the centre.

To twirl: to make sthg turn quickly and lightly round and round. To spin.

To shake off: to get rid of.

To toss: to throw sthg lightly or carelessly.

For show: intended to be seen but not used.

Disdainful: showing disdain, contemptuous, dismissive.

To scoop up: to move or lift sthg with a scoop or sthg like a scoop. Scoop: a tool like a large spoon with a deep bowl, used for picking up substances in powder form like flour, or for serving food like ice cream.

Snug: warm, comfortable and protected, especially from the cold. Cosy.

To pull sthg off: to remove.

To sow: to plant or spread seeds in or on the ground.

Seed: the small hard part produced by a plant, from which a new plant can grow.

Failure: lack of success in doing or achieving sthg.

To shower: to drop a lot of small things onto sby.

Crestfallen: sad and disappointed because you have failed and you did not expect to.

To step: to lift your foot and move it in a particular direction or put it on or in sthg; to move a short distance.

Paddle: a tool or part of a machine shaped like a paddle, especially one used for mixing food.

Baffled: confused.

To be on to sthg: to know about sthg or be in a situation that could lead to a good result for you.

To top: to put sthg on the top of sthg else.

Smear: an oily or dirty mark.

Crunchy: (especially of food) firm and crisp and making a sharp sound when you bite or crush it.

Crispy: pleasantly hard and dry.

Even: smooth, level and flat.

Overworked: too hard.

To amble: to walk at a slow relaxed speed.

To head for: to move in a particular direction.

Stage: phase.

Stickiness: the fact of being sticky. Sticky: made of or covered in a substance that sticks to things that touch it.

To slap: to hit sby/sthg with the flat part of your hand.

Chilled: very cold.

To take sthg in: to understand.

To go wrong: to experience problems or difficulties.

Breast: chest.

To plunge: to move or make sby/sthg move suddenly forwards and/or downwards.

Target: a result that you try to achieve.

Red-hot: so hot that it looks red.

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