Sunday, 10 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 41. Listening

1. Canada has one of the highest ____________________ in the world.
2. Canada has a long _________________.
3. On the _______________ you have to deal with bad weather.
4. Canada is geographically _____________.
5. When you visit Canada you need to go far and stay for a long time to appreciate the ____________ of the country.
6. In Canada there are ____________________ rain forests.
7. Both the US and Canada have a strong history and a _____________ history of aboriginal peoples.
8. On Sundays we have family gatherings and we all talk about what we've been 8.1__________ and it's a good chance to 8.2______________ .
9. Brazilians are very 9.1_____________ and Argentinians have a sense of  9.2_______________ the old world. Therefore, the 9.3_______________ are very different and 9.4_____________ the culture is.
10. There's always a strike, there's always a ______________, and other difficulties you need to overcome.
11. On the other hand people are 11.1________________ when dealing with difficulties, and at the same time they are also relaxed and 11.2_______________.

1. standards of living
standard of living: the amount of money and level of comfort that a particular person or group has.

2. life expectancythe number of years that a person is likely to live; the length of time that something is likely to exist or continue for. E.g. Life expectancy for both men and women has improved greatly in the past 20 years. Women have a longer life expectancy than men. The life expectancy of a large bus is about 15 years.

3. downside: the disadvantages or less positive aspects of something. Opposite: upside.

4. massive: extremely large. E.g. They have a massive great house. Their house is massive. 

5. vastness: the quality or state of being very large. E.g. the vastness of space. 

6. temperate: /ˈtempərət/ having a mild temperature without extremes of heat or cold. E.g. sage can be grown outdoors in cool, temperate climates. Chile has one of the largest temperate forests in the southern hemisphere.

7. long-standing: that has existed or lasted for a long time. E.g. a long-standing relationship.

8.1 up to
up to something: doing something, especially something bad. E.g. What's she up to? What've you been up to? I'm sure he's up to no good (= doing something bad).

8.2 catch up: to talk to someone you have not seen for some time and find out what they have been doing. E.g. Come over tomorrow and we can catch up. Catch up with:  I'll catch up with you another time, Kevin.  It'll give them a chance to talk and catch up with all their news.

9.1 upbeat: /ˈʌpbiːt/ positive and enthusiastic; making you feel that the future will be good. Optimistic. (Opposite: downbeat) E.g. The tone of the speech was upbeat. The meeting ended on an upbeat note.

9.2 longing for
longing: a strong feeling of wanting something/ somebody. E.g. longing (for somebody/something) a longing for home. Longing (to do something) She was filled with longing to hear his voice again. Romantic longings.  

9.3 outlooks
outlook (on something) the attitude to life and the world of a particular person, group or culture. E.g. He had a practical outlook on life. Most Western societies are liberal in outlook. 

9.4 hence: for this reason. E.g. We suspect they are trying to hide something, hence the need for an independent inquiry. 

10. picket line
picket: /ˈpɪkɪt/ a person or group of people who stand outside the entrance to a building in order to protest about something, especially in order to stop people from entering a factory, etc. during a strike; an occasion at which this happens. E.g. Five pickets were arrested by police. I was on picket duty at the time. A mass picket of the factory.

11.1 resourceful: good at finding ways of doing things and solving problems, etc. E.g. These women were strong, resourceful and courageous.  

11.2 laid-back: calm and relaxed; seeming not to worry about anything. E.g. a laid-back attitude to life. She's very laid-back about her exams.

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